189962 Evidence shows how to build healthier communities

Tuesday, October 28, 2008: 3:10 PM

James F. Sallis, PhD , Active Living Research, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA
George R. Flores, MD MPH , Bay Area Regional Office, The California Endowment, Oakland, CA
Obesity is the most visible health problem in the industrialized world, and physical inactivity is the second leading preventable cause of death in the United States. There is now substantial evidence that both of these leading health problems are directly related to the design of communities, transportation, facilities and recreation spaces. Though public health is rarely at the table when these decisions are made, public health pays the cost of bad decisions. Continuing to build communities that prevent walking to destinations and to spend 99% of transportation money on roads that make it difficult and dangerous to walk and bike will make these health problems worse. Building communities that will help prevent leading chronic diseases will also help reduce air pollution, traffic congestion, and greenhouse gas generation. This presentation will summarize evidence showing higher physical activity ad lower obesity in communities designed to support physical activity for transportation and recreation purposes. These relationships apply to all ages. This is further evidence that community design may affect risk of obesity. There is enough evidence to justify demand for changed policies.

Learning Objectives:
At the end of this presentation, attendees should be able to describe 3 evidence-based attributes of community design that support active and healthy communities.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have 25 years of experience as a researcher and teacher and have published extensively on the topic of my presentation
Any relevant financial relationships? Yes

Name of Organization Clinical/Research Area Type of relationship
SPARK Physical Activity Programs n/a Royalty recipient
Santech, Inc. n/a Shareholder

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.