3405.0 Environmental Health Concerns in Border Communities

Monday, October 27, 2008: 4:30 PM
The populations that live and work near the U.S./Mexico border must deal with environmental health issues that are shaped by their location in a border community. The proximity of the border requires that emergency responders in nearby cities develop coordinated programs to respond to and train for emergencies involving hazardous substances. Large numbers of people live in colonias, unincorporated rural communities characterized by lack of basic necessities such as potable water, sewer and drainage systems, and sanitary housing. Finally, tribal communities along the border are vulnerable to environmental hazards and exposure to toxicants. In this session, presenters will document elevated exposures to toxic substances in homes, and in soil, water and air experienced within communities located along the U.S./Mexico border, and air pollutants in vehicles during daily commutes across the border. In addition, two programs will be described involving collaborative efforts to conduct emergency response training for chemical emergencies and provide culturally appropriate information in an Environmental Health/Home Safety Education Project. Together, these presentations will provide attendees with an understanding of the unique health challenges faced by border communities and successful aspects of interventions designed by environmental health professionals to address them.
Session Objectives: 1. Identify important environmental health issues in communities along the U.S. – Mexico border. 2. Discuss the cultural and regional appropriateness of utilizing promotoras/community health workers to improve the built environment. 3. Discuss the importance of multidisciplinary collaboration for understanding and effectively addressing Tribal health issues. 4. Understand the need for a binational emergency response training program between San Diego, California and Tijuana, Mexico and describe some of the challenges confronted during its implementation.
Barbara Glenn, MPH, PhD
Barbara Glenn, MPH, PhD

4:30 PM
In-vehicle levels of air pollution recorded inside cars commuting across the US-Mexico border at the San Diego/Tijuana border crossing
Penelope J.E. Quintana, PhD, MPH, Zalak Patel, MPH (in process), Megan Bryden, MPH (in process), Antoinette Mantz, MPH (in process), Jose Guillermo Rodríguez Ventura, PhD, Jesus Guerrero, Paulina Martinez, Emmanuel Castillo, MS and Dhara Kagalwala
4:45 PM
Heavy metal contamination of soil and dust in homes built on an active municipal solid waste landfill in Tijuana, Mexico
Valencia Porter, MD, MPH, Penelope J.E. Quintana, PhD, MPH, Yolanda Arce, MD, Julieta Curiel, Bassem Ebaid and Maria Gabriela Saguinetti, MS
5:00 PM
Reducing Tribal exposures to Superfund chemicals along the U.S.-Mexico border: Combining novel multidisciplinary collaborative approaches
Keith Pezzoli, PhD, Hiram A. Sarabia, MS, Paula Elaine Stigler, MSPH, Marshall Cheung, PhD and David Pellow, PhD
5:15 PM
Promotoras' Role in Improving the Built Environment: Implications of an Environmental Health/Home safety Intervention on the New Mexico-Mexico Border
Thenral D. Mangadu, MD, MPH, Benjamin Jacquez, MS, Susan C. Forster-Cox, PhD, MPH, CHES, Claudia Leyva, Luz Palomino, APH and Jagan Butler, MBA

See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.

Organized by: Environment
Endorsed by: Community Health Workers SPIG, Epidemiology, Food and Nutrition, Latino Caucus, Medical Care, Socialist Caucus, School Health Education and Services

See more of: Environment