192650 Validation of the male osteoporosis knowledge quiz

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Katherine Marx, MPH , Erickson Foundation, Catonsville, MD
Jean Gaines, PhD, RN , Erickson Foundation, Catonsville, MD
JoAnn Caudill, RT, CDT , Erickson Retirement Communities, Catonsville, MD
Jeffrey Landsman, MD , Oak Crest Village, Senior Campus Physicians, Parkville, MD
Matthew Narrett, MD , Erickson Health and Wellness, Erickson Retirement Communities, Catonsville, MD
John Parrish, PhD , Erickson Foundation, Catonsville, MD
Osteoporosis research and education campaigns have historically focused more on women than men with low bone mass. Of the knowledge tests available none include questions regarding risk factors affecting men. This study seeks to validate the six-item Men's Osteoporosis Knowledge Quiz (MOKQ), which was designed to be used in conjunction with the previously validated Facts on Osteoporosis Quiz (FOQ) developed by Ailinger and colleagues. A survey packet including the FOQ and MOKQ was distributed to 400 randomly selected men age 60+ years. The final sample consisted of 242 (60.5%) men, average age 83.2 years (sd=5.7), married (71.4%) and Caucasian (96.3%). Men were found to have little knowledge about osteoporosis and their risk factors, scoring a mean of 10.4 (52.0% correct) on the FOQ and a mean of 2.39 (or: 2.4) (39.8%) on the MOKQ. Convergent validity was examined by correlating the scores achieved on the FOQ and MOKQ, with the resultant Pearson correlation coefficient found to be .755 (p>.001). The computed Cronbach's alpha (.72) indicated adequate reliability. These preliminary findings suggest that the MOKQ may be a valid and reliable measure of men's knowledge of osteoporosis when used in conjunction with the FOQ. The low scores achieved by the participating men on both the MOKQ and FOQ indicate a need for education, screening and referral interventions and corollary health services policies specifically targeted at men and their risk factors for osteoporosis. Future research should include a focus on validating the MOKQ in a larger sample of a more diverse population.

Learning Objectives:
Evaluate the reliability and validity of a six-item questionnaire pertaining to men's knowledge of osteoporosis.

Keywords: Aging, Health Promotion

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I hold an MPH and have worked in research for the past 7 years. In addition to my work as a a senior research assistant I am also a doctoral canidate and the focus of my disseration will be on men's knowledge of osteoporosis. The work being presented is the pilot study to my dissertation.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.