192857 A randomized telephone survey of Vietnamese Americans in Maricopa County, Arizona

Monday, November 9, 2009

Douglas M. Hirano, MPH , Asian Pacific Community in Action, Phoenix, AZ
Yen Nguyen, MPH , Asian Pacific Community in Action, Phoenix, AZ
Jenn-Yun Tein, PhD , Prevention Research Center, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
Background/significance: Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders are one of the fastest growing racial/ethnic groups in the United States, and are expected to represent 10% of all Americans in 2050. However, relatively little is known about their health status and health behaviors, particularly by ethnic subgroup, since health data are often collected using the broad “Asian or Pacific Islander” category. Objective/purpose: To better understand the health status, behaviors and needs of the local Vietnamese American community in the greater Phoenix, Arizona metropolitan area, a randomized telephone survey was conducted of this group. Methods: Survey questions were drawn largely from the CDC Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance questionnaire to allow for comparison with other groups and jurisdictions. A total of 61 questions were included, covering general health, oral health, access to medical care, exercise, tobacco use, alcohol use, and preventive screening history. Results: A total of 296 interviews were completed. More than 95% of interviews were conducted in the Vietnamese language. Almost 50% of respondents described their general health as "fair" or "poor", as compared to 16% of Arizona residents. Twenty-nine percent (29%) of males smoke cigarettes. Only 51% of respondents have been screened for hepatitis B, and 55% have been previously screened for tuberculosis. Discussion: These population-based results point towards areas for potential intervention and establish baselines to measure future work. Community-based agencies can utilize existing methodologies such as the CDC BRFSS to gather critical information about their communities of interest.

Learning Objectives:
Describe the benefits of gathering local health status and behavior data from a target population. Explain how to conduct a local randomized phone survey among an ethnic group.

Keywords: Asian Americans, Community Health Assessment

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have experience in working on community health issues with Asian American subgroups such as Vietnamese Americans.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.