192895 Adolescent alcoholism: A literature review of parental/familial modeling and intervention implications

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Nina Bell, MPH, MDip, CFRE , School of Health Sciences, Walden University, Meadville, PA
Statistics show that adolescent alcoholism is a serious threat to the health of youth. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), the percentage of underage drinking has remained high since 2002, indicating that interventions either are not effective or have yet to be developed. In self-reported data from SAMHSA, 2.4 million people age 12 to 20 claimed they were heavy drinkers. In addition, The United Health Foundation noted in its report that alcoholism–both adult and adolescent combined–was prevalent across most states, making it a health priority for intervention. Research shows that conflicting ideas regarding adolescent alcoholism being transferred through parental behaviors. While some make that connection strong, other resources suggest that environmental conditions and social interactions with non-family members create stronger alcoholic tendencies. This review provides some support for the statement that children become like their parents in relation to alcoholic tendencies; however, it also points out that parental modeling is just one of many contributing factors to the onset of adolescent alcoholism. In addition, implications for interventions such as those utilizing the family resilience model as well as policy recommendations to assist in developing such programs are analyzed within the context of creating preventions and policies that provoke social change.

Learning Objectives:
1. Describes parental modeling as a potential mode of adolescent alcoholism. 2. Discusses the use of resiliency theory as a means to develop interventions and subsequent policies to aid in the reduction of adolescent alcoholism.

Keywords: Alcoholism, Adolescents

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am currently a PhD candidate in Public Health at Walden University. My interest area includes social and behavioral health, in particular addiction behaviors. There are two new addiction centers being constructed in my area, of which I would like to be part of when completed. Within 3 months of this writing, I will have my MPH and should graduate with my PhD in 2011. I have researched and written this paper under the teaching of Dr. Sandra Rasmussen, faculty at Walden.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.