193897 Results from the 2008 Wisconsin Native Youth Tobacco Survey

Monday, November 9, 2009

Isaiah Brokenleg, MPH , Wisconsin Tribes Putting Prevention to Work, Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council, Lac du Flambeau, WI
Anne C. Trinh, MPH , Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Epidemiology Center, Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council, Lac du Flambeau, WI
Teresa K. Barber, MEd , Wisconsin Native American Tobacco Network, Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Council, Lac du Flambeau, WI

Because of documented higher prevalence and younger initiation ages for smoking among American Indian (AI) youth, there is a need for culturally specific and appropriate data about tobacco use/abuse.


Among AI youth in grades 6-12 in Wisconsin:

-determine prevalence rates for commercial tobacco use/abuse,

-identify protective/risk factors for smoking initiation, continuation, and frequency,

-summarize knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes related to traditional tobacco use and commercial tobacco abuse,

-assess environmental exposure to commercial tobacco,

-and compare distribution of and relationship between variables with that for all-races (AR) youth in Wisconsin


-Wisconsin Native American Tobacco Network

-Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Epidemiology Center

-Wisconsin Tobacco Prevention and Control Program

-All Wisconsin Tribal Communities

-Wisconsin Schools


GLITEC staff developed and pilot tested a culturally sensitive, anonymous, self-administered survey instrument (the Wisconsin Native Youth Tobacco Survey, or WNYTS) in spring 2008. Between September, 2008 through January, 2009 the WNYTS was conducted using an approximated census of 6-12 grade AI students representative of the 11 Indian communities in Wisconsin.

Results (Preliminary):

A total of 1,526 surveys were completed by AI students in grades 6-12, representing 30% of all enrolled AI students in grades 6-12 in the census area.

All students: 44% ever smoked; 28% current smokers

Middle school: 16% ever smoked, compared to 4% of AR students from Wisconsin Youth Tobacco Survey (WYTS); 12% ever used other form of tobacco

High school: 40% ever smoked, compared to 21% of AR students from WYTS; 28% ever used other form of tobacco

Learning Objectives:
1. Assess attitudes, beliefs, and behaviors of Wisconsin Native youth in grades 6-12 as they relate to commercial tobacco abuse and traditional tobacco use 2. Compare Wisconsin Native Youth Tobacco Survey results to those of the Wisconsin Youth Tobacco Survey 3. Identify some unique relationships American Indians have with tobacco and the challenges these relationships create in preventing tobacco abuse

Keywords: Community-Based Public Health, Tobacco

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Behavioral Health Epidemiologist for Great Lakes Inter-Tribal Epidemiology Center Publication: "Factors associated with cigarette smoking among American Indian youth in Minneapolis-St. Paul"--American Journal of Preventive Medicine Presentations: American Indian Adolescent Secondhand Smoke Exposure; American Indian Community Tobacco Project: A Community-Academic Research Partnership; Exploring the Unraveling Hoop, Tobacco Use, Abuse, and Tobacco Abuse Predictive Factors Among Urban American Indian Youth in Minnesota
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.