193940 Neighborhood Violence and Low Academic Achievement Among African -American Males

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Desmond Patton, MSW , School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Michael Woolley, MSW, PHD , School of Social Service Administration, University of Chicago, Chicago, IL
Exposure to neighborhood violence, school violence and parental support variables were examined as predictors of student fear on the way to and from school on and academic achievement. In this paper, Spencer's Phenomenological Variant Ecological Systems Theory (PVEST) is used as a springboard for exploring the relationship between exposure to neighborhood violence and school outcomes. Leveraging rich data from the School Success Profile, the current research builds on existing work by examining factors that mediate the relationship between violence exposure and school-related outcomes (grades, behavior at school, and satisfaction with school) among ninth grade African American males who are in the critical transition period to high school. The findings point to the direct effect neighborhood crime and violence has on school outcomes such as homework completion, school satisfaction and grades for African-American adolescent males. These relationships are mediated through parental support for youth exposed to neighborhood violence.

Learning Objectives:
Explain the relationship between perceptions of neighborhood crime and violence and academic outcomes Demonstrate how high levels of neighborhood crime and violence impact parent support for children and youth self-esteem which has direct impact on academic attitudes and beliefs.

Keywords: Youth Violence, Violence Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a masters in social work and am currently pursuing a PhD in social welfare at the University of Chicago. I have co-written a chapter on School Violence and currently participate in research with the University of Chicago Crime Lab
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.