194171 Violence-related Injuries in Emergency Departments in Brazil, 2006

Wednesday, November 11, 2009

Vilma Gawryszewski, MD PhD , Division of Non Communicable Diseases, State Health Department of S. Paulo, S. Paulo, Brazil
Marta Maria Alves Da Silva, Dr , Injury Prevention Coordination, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Brazilia, Brazil
Deborah Malta, Prof Dr , Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Ministério da Saúde, Brasília, Brazil
Scott Kegler, PhD , National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Office of Statistical Programming, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
James A. Mercy, PhD , Division of Violence Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control, Atlanta, GA
Marcio Denis Medeiros Mascarenhas, Prof , Federal University of Piauí, Brasília, Brazil
Otaliba Libanio Morais Neto, Dr , Secretaria de Vigilância em Saúde, Brazilian Ministry of Health, Brasília, Brazil
Mortality and hospitalization data underscore the substantial impact that violence has on the Brazilian population. A national injury surveillance system in hospital emergency departments (EDs) was implemented by the Brazilian Ministry of Health in 2006. Objective: To describe the characteristics of violence-related injury visits at EDs in Brazil and compare circumstances for assault-related and self-inflicted cases. Methods: This cross-sectional study describes 4,835 cases seen during September 2006 in 62 EDs, representing all 26 states and the Federal District. To assess potential associations between the type of violence and multiple factors a logistic regression was used. Results: Males were 72.8% overall and persons aged 20 to 29 were 35.4% of the cases overall. Alcohol use was reported or suspected in 42.7% of the cases, more commonly among males. Assault victims comprised 91.4% of the cases and self-inflicted injuries accounted for 8.6%. Three-fourths of the assault victims were male, while over half of the self-inflicted injury victims were female. The leading mechanism for assaults was physical force/blunt objects (46.2%), while poisoning was the predominant mechanism for self-inflicted injuries (71.4%). Younger females were significantly more likely to have been victims of self-inflicted injuries than younger males, while younger males were more likely to have been victims of assault, especially in cases where alcohol use was reported. Self-inflicted injuries were significantly more likely to occur in residences, while assaults were more likely to occur away from home. Conclusions: These results can improve our understanding of the scope and characteristics of violence-related injuries in Brazil.

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify the characteristics of violence related injury victims presented in EDs in Brazil. 2. Assess potential associations between type of violence (assault or self harm) and multiple factors. 3. Discuss the role of alcohol among violence related victims.

Keywords: Violence, Alcohol

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have accumulated a lot of experience related to make presentations in Conferences. In addition, I was a teacher of epidemilogy for postgraduated students.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.