194194 Youth with mood disorders in Medicaid: A comparison of trends in access to treatment between managed care and fee-for-service

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Rafael M. Semansky, MPP, MA , Heller School for Social Policy and Management, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
Christopher Tompkins, PhD , Schneider Institute for Health Policy, Heller School, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
Craig Anne Heflinger, PhD , Department of Human and Organizational Development, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
Dominic Hodgkin, PhD , Schneider Institute for Health Policy, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
Constance M. Horgan, ScD , Schneider Institute for Health Policy, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA
The Problem: Mood disorders such as depression and mania are the third most common category of psychiatric disorders in youth. An estimated 6 percent of youth ages 9 to 17 experience a mood disorder annually. Many state Medicaid programs have introduced managed care approaches, which could have important effects on access for youth to outpatient mental health clinical treatment and psychotropic medications. Managed care often encourages the substitution of clinical care for psychotropic medications which have few clinical trials supporting their use in youth, especially young children.

Research Questions: Compared to fee-for-service care, does Medicaid managed care result in: 1). Increasing access to case management and pharmaceuticals; 2) Decreasing access to outpatient mental health services; and 3) Reducing disparities for rural youth and youth that are African American.

Study Design: Data are from Medicaid programs in Tennessee (under managed care since 1994) and Mississippi (fee-for-service). The study includes two components: 1) a quasi-experimental design with a pre-post clinical outpatient care data from Tennessee and Mississippi; and 2) a pre-post design for pharmaceutical use in Tennessee. The study focuses on mental health access trends over ten years (6 months premanaged care, 2 years transition, and 7.5 years post-managed care). The analysis will use survival analysis and logistic and ordinary least squares regression.

Implications: Results of this dissertation may help future state Medicaid agencies, clinicians, and parents of youth with mood disorders understand the impact of managed care during the rapid change in treatment patterns for mood disorders in the1990s.

Learning Objectives:
Describe a dissertation examining the impact of managed care. Discuss the key methodological issues (identification of youth, episodes of care approach, statistical approach) for input from the audience. Explain the strengths and limitations of the two-state comparison. Identify areas in need of input from the expert audience.

Keywords: Mental Health, Managed Care

Presenting author's disclosure statement:
Organization/institution whose products or services will be discussed: Includes pharmaceutical data indicating use of antipsychotics and anticonvulsants by children with mood disorders

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a doctoral candidate in social policy at the Heller School, Brandeis University. I have 15 years of experience working on health services research/policy and have presented at APHA previously.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.