195096 Acceptance of the Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine Among Latino Parents

Monday, November 9, 2009

Kate Raven Murray, MPHc , School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Department of Health Services, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Norma Mariscal , Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
Ruby Godina , Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
Ingrid Hernandez , New Mexico State University, Seattle, WA
Gloria Coronado, PhD , Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
Vicky Taylor, MD, MPH , Public Health Sciences, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA
Cervical cancer occurs more frequently among Hispanic women than non-Hispanic white women, and is caused by infection with human papillomavirus (HPV). The new HPV vaccine offers protection against HPV infection, however, uptake of the vaccine is reported to be low in certain groups, including Hispanics. Little is known about Hispanic parents' willingness to vaccinate their daughters for HPV.

Eight focus groups were conducted with 43 parents (9 men and 34 women) of daughters ages 9-14. Questions addressed knowledge of HPV, acceptability and intention to vaccinate daughters, and perceived facilitators and barriers to vaccination. A short quantitative questionnaire was administered to collect information on vaccine uptake and participant demographics. Participants were ages 25 to 55 years and were primarily Mexican immigrants. Participants lacked knowledge about HPV and the vaccine. Nearly one-third had never heard of either HPV or the vaccine. One-half had received the vaccine for their daughter(s) and 37% of those who had not receive it reported being likely to get it in the future. Participants who knew that the vaccine can prevent cervical cancer or whose doctor had recommended vaccination were motivated to get the vaccine. Some participants expressed concerns about long-term health effects (such as problems with fertility), and fears that the vaccine will activate female hormones and lead to early puberty. Many participants desired for more information about the vaccine and its health effects. Findings from this project will be used to develop a culturally appropriate survey on attitudes, beliefs and acceptability of the HPV vaccine.

Learning Objectives:
To describe the attitudes, beliefs and acceptability of the HPV vaccine among Latino parents of girls ages 9-14.

Keywords: Immunizations, Latinos

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am completing my MPH (concentration in Social and Behavioral Sciences) and getting a certificate in Global Health from the University of Washington. I will be completing my studies in Spring 2009, and this is my thesis project. Prior to getting my MPH, I worked for 8 years as the Manager and then Director of a sexual health education program in Philadelphia for a non-profit organization called CHOICE. I have worked extensively with Latino communities both in the US and in Latin America (primarily Peru and Costa Rica).
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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