195851 Diversity and Disparity: Bringing Community Realities to the Prevention Research Centers Program Community-based Research

Wednesday, November 11, 2009: 12:30 PM

Jo Anne Grunbaum, EdD , Prevention Research Centers Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Demia Wright, MPH , Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Stephanie Rubel, MPH , Macro International, Inc, Atlanta, GA
Sharrice White-Cooper , Prevention Research Centers Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Nicola Dawkins, PhD, MPH , IFC Macro, Atlanta, GA
Eduardo J. Simoes, MD, MSc, MPH , Prevention Research Center Program, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
The Prevention Research Centers (PRC) Program is the largest extramural research program at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The program funds 33 academic health centers to conduct community-based participatory research (CBPR). A national evaluation of the program demonstrated the depth and breadth of CBPR activities in reaching diverse and disparate populations and described facilitators to developing and sustaining the academic and community partnership. The evaluation included document review for all 33 PRCs and in-depth telephone interviews with a sample of PRC academic and community partners. The 33 PRCs partner with 66 communities located within 322 counties and 26 states. These communities include rural, urban, suburban, frontier, and U.S.-Mexico border regions and tribal organizations. PRCs focus their research on underserved, low income, or high-risk populations. The percentage of African Americans and Asian, Pacific Islanders, or Native Americans was higher in the PRC research communities than in the United States (35% vs. 12% and 8% vs. 5%, respectively). The mean per capita income is lower by about one-third in the research communities as compared to the U.S. average ($15,387 vs. $21,587). Community partners reported that their experience as long-term residents in the research community was a valuable resource for the development and implementation of the research. Community and academic partners stated that understanding and appreciating each other's culture helped the partnership. In PRC research partnerships, community partners often come from disparate communities. They bring their life experiences and perspectives to the research, which helps base the research in community realities.

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe the PRC research communities 2. Describe the importance and impact of community members as a resource for development and implementation of research

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was involved in the evaluation project
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.