198216 Chikungunya in India: A review of current research

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Priya Banerjee, PhD , Department of Health Science, State University of New York, College at Brockport, Brockport, NY
Andrea Christian , Department of Health Science, State University of New York, College at Brockport, Brockport, NY
Courtney Marie Cora Jones , Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, University of Rochester, Rochester, NY
The Urban Health Resource Center (URHC) attributes poor sanitation and man-made water receptacles to the prevalence of malaria, and the re-emergence of chikungunya in India (UHRC, 2009). India's National Institute of Disaster Management (NIDM) predicts that epidemics of water or vector-borne diseases like dengue, malaria and chikungunya are likely to worsen due to climactic changes (NIDM, 2007). Chikungunya, meaning, “bent walker,” is an emerging public health problem in urban India and is caused by an arbovirus transmitted by the Aedes mosquito (Nero, 2008). The purpose of the study was to explore the current research on the epidemiology of chikungunya which has re-emerged in India after a 30 year gap. The paper describes trends in prevalence, prevention education and treatment development of the disease in India. The most current research literature on the subject was analyzed to catalog the biologic, geographic and social aspects of the disease including 1) the changing structure of the virus, 2) symptomology and treatment protocol, 3) the effect of climate change, 4) population density, and 5) impact of travel patterns on the incidence and prevalence of chikungunya in India.

Learning Objectives:
1)Describe incidence and prevalence of chikungunya in India. 2)Describe modes of transmission of chikungunya in India. 3)Discuss the implications of climate change, population density and global travel on outbreaks of malaria, dengue and chikungunya in India. 4)Discuss the nature of prevention programs of water borne diseases in India, with a focus on chikungunya.

Keywords: Developing Countries, Disease Data

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have a particular research interest in the region (India) and have published prior work on public health issues of that country.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.