199806 Exploring group visits as a way to involve the social network in cervical cancer screening: Differences by Latino subgroup

Tuesday, November 10, 2009: 5:15 PM

Patricia I. Documét, MD, DrPH , Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Assistant Professor, Pittsburgh, PA, PA
Jean F. Nutini, MA , Behavioral and Community Health Sciences, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Research Associate, Pittsburgh, PA, PA
Jeannette South-Paul, MD , Department of Family Medicine, School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Professor, Pittsburgh, PA, PA
Latinas have higher cervical cancer incidence and mortality rates than White Americans, yet are under-screened for cervical cancer. Research suggests that strategies based on social networks and social support can increase cancer screening for Latinas. In previous research, Latinas suggested attending group visits for Pap tests. In group visits, women who are all acquainted would have consecutive appointments and remain together in the waiting room. Are group visits an appropriate way to deliver social support for Latinas? Will group visits appeal to different Latino subgroups? For this study, we conducted five focus groups with Latinas to test materials for a future group visit study. We also explored the attitudes toward group visits of participants from three Latino subgroups: Mexican, Puerto Rican, and South-American. We used content analysis to analyze the data. Participants' perceived advantages of group visits included: support for each other, “confianza” (trust), language compatibility, and sharing rides. Most participants reported making health-related decisions in consultation with others in their social circle and felt that the “strength” derived from attending visits with others would give them the courage to ask questions to their provider. A subset of participants considered group visits an option only when the group was composed of women from their intimate social circle. Others preferred not to attend group visits for privacy reasons or because “this is something you do alone.” Some of the points of view reflected differences among Latino subgroups. Group visits can be a culturally competent approach to integrate social networks and support cancer screening and improve compliance with screening guidelines. Yet, this approach must be tailored to each Latino subgroup.

Learning Objectives:
-Explain how Latinas involve their network in health care. -List the advantages of group visits for Latinas. -List two differences in attitudes toward group visits among Latino subgroups.

Keywords: Cervical Cancer, Latinas

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Patricia Documét, MD, DrPH. I have worked in research and evaluation projects using quantitative and qualitative methods in combination in the U.S. and internationally. My current research focus is on cancer early detection and screening and Latino health. I am conducting preliminary studies to later propose a randomized behavioral trial to test an innovative method for cancer screening among Latinas. I have conducted research with underserved populations in western Pennsylvania (Latinos, Appalachian, Amish and African American) both on access to health care and cancer screening. I am collaborating with faculty from the School of Nursing at the University of Pittsburgh in a study to gauge attitudes and knowledge of mothers and daughters of three different ethnic groups regarding the HPV vaccine. I teach BCHS 2525 Introduction to Applied Research in two formats. In the spring, it is a hybrid course, mostly web-based, with three required face-to-face sessions. In the fall, it is a traditional format with sessions every week. I have mentored medical students in organizing and implementing an interpreter service for Latinos at a clinic offering free medical services to adults as part of the University of Pittsburgh’s Program for Underserved Populations. Because of my affiliation with the Center for Latin American Studies at the University of Pittsburgh, I regularly mentor students designing research in or about Latin America. Outside the University, I have served as a reviewer for several journals, including Health Policy, the Journal of General Internal Medicine, the Journal of the National Medical Association, and the Journal for Health Care for the Poor and Underserved. In the past seven years, I have taken the lead in designing and implementing a church-based service fair offering a single event with information about several health and human services available to Spanish-speaking residents of Allegheny County, PA. I serve on the board of the Area health Education Centers (AHEC). Since 2004, I facilitate the meeting of the Latino Round Table, a group that attempts to coordinate and unite the efforts of Latino organizations in Southwestern Pennsylvania. MOST RECENT PUBLICATIONS Documét, P.I., Green, H., Adams, J., Weil, L.A., Stockdale, J., Hyseni,Y. Perspectives of African American, Amish, Appalachian and Latina Women on Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening: Implications for Cultural Competence. Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, 19(1): 56-74, 2008. Sharma, R., McGinnis, K., Documét, P. Disparity in Health Status and Health Service Utilization among Hispanic Ethnic Subgroups. Journal of Health & Social Policy. Accepted for publication. Documét, P., Sharma, R. Latinos Health Care Access: Financial and Cultural Barriers. Journal of Immigrant Health Title. January 2004. 6 (1): 5-13. Green, H.H., Documét, P. A Community-Based Initiative for Teen Pregnancy Prevention. Journal of Adolescent Health. Accepted for publication 2004.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.