199910 Injuries Among Working Youth: Results of School Based Surveys in North Carolina and South Carolina

Wednesday, November 11, 2009

Janet Abboud Dal Santo, DrPH , Injury Prevention Research Center, University of North Carolina in Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
J. Michael Bowling, PhD , Department of Health Behavior and Health Education, UNC-Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC
Background: Descriptive data on occupational injuries among youth workers is scarce. Studying relationships of injuries with safety training, issuance of work permits and use of protective measures is important for designing effective interventions.

Methods: Data were obtained from school based surveys in 32 randomly selected high schools in North Carolina and South Carolina in fall 2005. A total of 844 youth in North Carolina and 814 youth in South Carolina were surveyed. Descriptive statistics and cross tabulations were used to describe injuries and assess their relationships with safety training, protective clothing and equipment, and issuance of work permits. Protective measures were specific to the type of job and place of employment.

Results: A total of 77 youth reported injuries in both states. Frequently reported injuries were: broken bones, burns, deep cuts, and multiple injuries. Two thirds of injured youth in each state did not have any safety training and 48% of injured youth in North Carolina had work permits.

The majority of injuries occurred in fast food places, grocery stores, construction sites, and recreational facilities. Use of protective equipment was lacking among youth who had burns, all of whom worked in fast food places, and among youth who suffered multiple injuries and broken bones and worked in food services and in construction sites.

Conclusions: Findings have implications for targeting safety training and educational interventions at industries and occupations hazardous to young workers. There is a need to address gaps in training and compliance with existing regulations for protecting youth workers.

Learning Objectives:
At the conclusion of this session the participant will be able to describe four most frequently reported serious injuries among youth workers.

Keywords: Injuries, Youth at Work

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been doing research in the area of child labor for the past 10 years and the information presented is from an R01 grant funded by NIOSH for which I was a principal investigator.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.