201097 Influence of Safety and Violence on Healthy Eating and Physical Activity: Key Findings from California Urban and Rural Place-Based Initiatives

Tuesday, November 10, 2009: 11:15 AM

Sarah Samuels, DrPH , Samuels & Associates, Oakland, CA
Sallie Yoshida, DrPH , Samuels & Associates, Oakland, CA
Jeremiah Robert Garza, MA, MPH, CHES , Samuels & Associates, Oakland, CA
Liz Schwarte, MPH , Samuels & Associates, Oakland, CA
Fear for personal safety and violence is a reality in many low-income, low-resource communities and is well documented that victims and witnesses of violence are more likely to have poor diets and be physically inactive. Fear for one's personal safety stems from a wide range of safety issues associated with robberies, assaults, dangerous unleashed dogs, and gang activity, which makes community members feel unsafe, thereby limiting physical activity since they feel safer for themselves and their children to stay indoors. In California, the Healthy Eating Active Communities (HEAC) program and Central California Regional Obesity Prevention Program (CCROPP) are leading efforts in low-income rural and urban communities to improve neighborhood physical activity environments to create safe, accessible places for families to be active through community mobilization and policy change.

As the evaluation lead for the HEAC and CCROPP programs, Samuels & Associates will discuss intermediate crime and violence prevention evaluation indicators and methodology employed in assessing HEAC and CCROPP's activities to improve physical activity and healthy eating opportunities through violence prevention strategies.

In addition, Samuels & Associates will discuss key findings and outcomes from community and parent focus groups, grantee interviews, neighborhood environmental assessments and stakeholder surveys that highlight grantee strategies, challenges faced by communities in addressing violence, and the formation of partnerships needed to achieve safe and healthy communities.

Learning Objectives:
1. Articulate the evaluation methodology employed to document accomplishments, challenges, and lessons learned in addressing crime and safety issues in changing eating and physical activity environments. 2. Discuss shared and unique strategies employed by urban and rural communities in improving healthy eating and physical activity opportunities through crime and violence prevention strategies. 3. List five evaluation indicators that link obesity prevention with a safe and healthy community.

Keywords: Obesity, Safety

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the lead on assessing safety/violence/ obesity prevention for the HEAC and CCROPP evaluations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.