202374 Employment insecurity, workplace injustice and employees' burnout: A validation study

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Hsun-Yin Huang , Department of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Pei-Rong Li , Institute of Health Policy Management, college of Public Health, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Jin-Huei Hsu , Division of Occupational Medicine, Institute of Occupational Safety and Health, Council of Labor Affairs, Executive Yuen, ROC, Taipei County, Taiwan
Yawen Cheng , Institute of Health Policy and Management, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
Objectives: This study was designed to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of employment insecurity and workplace injustice scales, and to examine their associations with workers' burnout status.

Methods: Study subjects were participants of a national survey of paid employees in Taiwan, consisting of 9636 men and 7406 women. A self-administered questionnaire was used for the assessment of four aspects of psychosocial work hazards, including employment insecurity (6 items), workplace injustice (9 items), job control (9 items), and psychosocial work demands (7 items). In-depth interviews with 10 employees were also conducted post the survey for a qualitative evaluation of the questionnaire.

Results: Cronbach's for both of the scales were above 0.76, indicating satisfactory internal consistencies. Exploratory factor analyses with the four scales of psychosocial work hazards revealed a factor pattern that was consistent with the theoretically assumed structure, except that items with statements in reversed direction were loaded on separated factors.

As expected, higher levels of employment insecurity and workplace injustice were associated with higher burnout scores. However, results from qualitative interviews suggested that some respondents interpreted and responded to questions in different manners.

Conclusion: Findings from this study suggested satisfactory reliability and validity of the two scales. Nevertheless, further improvement is needed.

Learning Objectives:
At the conclusion of this session, the participants will be able to 1. Describe methods for the assessment of psychosocial work hazards. 2. Recognize the health impact of employment insecurity.

Keywords: Workplace Stressors, Occupational Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I want to go to the APHA to meet the scholars from different fields.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.