202585 Corner markets and health in low-income neighborhoods in Buffalo, NY

Tuesday, November 10, 2009: 8:30 AM

Robert H. Keefe, PhD, ACSW , School of Social Work, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY
Kelly L. Patterson, PhD , School of Social Work, University at Buffalo, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY
This paper investigates urban retail food markets and health in the two lowest-income census tracts Buffalo, NY. The authors used a structured observational analysis of 16 corner markets and found that a majority of the markets did not sell fresh produce or low-fat dairy products but instead conducted a thriving business selling lottery tickets, mentholated cigarettes, and alcohol. A comparison of census tracts with and without access to supermarkets that sell fresh produce and other healthy food found that people living in proximity to a supermarket had significantly better health than people who did not live near a supermarket. The key to positive health outcomes, regardless of income, was access to markets that sell fresh produce, iron-enriched baby formula and low-fat milk, and accept WIC.

Learning Objectives:
Evaluate how corner markets perpetuate poor health outcomes in many low-income neighborhoods. Differentiate health outcomes in low-income neighborhoods by the type of food stores available.

Keywords: Social Work, Food and Nutrition

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have been a practicing soical worker for 24 years and have taught public health social work courses for the apst 10 years. I am an active member of the Social Work Section.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.