202742 Prevalence and social-environmental correlates of sport team participation among alternative high school students

Tuesday, November 10, 2009: 9:30 AM

Karen E. Johnson, BS, RN , School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Martha Y. Kubik, PhD, RN , School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Barbara McMorris, PhD , School of Nursing, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN
Purpose: Students attending alternative high schools (AHS) are among the most sedentary adolescents in the US, placing them at increased risk for obesity and its associated co-morbidities. Sport team participation has been linked to increased physical activity (PA) and decreased overweight among general adolescent populations. However, little is known about sport team participation among AHS students.

Methods: In fall 2006, a convenience sample of students (n=143; mean age= 17 years; 53% male; 60% racial/ethnic minorities; 63% low-income) attending 6 alternative high schools in St. Paul/Minneapolis, MN completed baseline self-administered surveys. Students were participants in the Team COOL pilot study, a group randomized obesity prevention trial. Mixed model multivariate logistic regression was used to examine cross-sectional associations between sport team participation (any versus none) and selected social-environmental factors hypothesized to be associated with participation, including a 4-item school staff support scale (alpha=0.89), 4-item peer support scale (alpha=0.91), and 16-item perceived barriers scale (alpha=0.88).

Results: Among students, 40% (60 % males, 40% females; p=0.181) participated in ≥ 1 school/community-based sport teams. The odds of participating on a sport team were positively associated with social support from school staff (OR= 1.117, p=0.014) and peers (OR= 1.154, p=0.005), but inversely associated with perceived barriers to PA (OR=0.949, p= 0.014).

Conclusions: Study results suggest that AHS students who receive more social support from school staff and peers and encounter fewer barriers to PA are more likely to participate on sport teams. Interventions to increase PA through sport team participation should focus on social-environmental factors.

Learning Objectives:
Learning objectives: 1)Compare and contrast health behavior characteristics of students attending regular and alternative high schools. 2)Identify social and environmental factors associated with physical inactivity and obesity among adolescents. 3)Identify the role that sports can play in promoting physical and emotional health among AHS students. 4)Discuss how interventions for providing opportunities to participate on sport teams can be adapted to the AHS environment.

Keywords: Physical Activity, School Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Supervised secondary data analysis with the study's principal investigator
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.