203097 Barriers of Prostate Cancer Screening(PCS) Among Hispanic Male Population

Monday, November 9, 2009: 1:45 PM

Saran Kumar Rai, BDS , Department of Health sciences and social services, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM
Kiran Sapkota, MS , Department of Health Science, MSC 3HLS, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM
Ashley Graboski, MPH, CHES , Emergency Response Team/Public Health Preparedness, Texas Department of State Health Services, El Paso, TX
Thriveni Reddy, MBBS , Department of Health Science, MSC 3HLS, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM
Robert W. Buckingham, Dr PH , Department of Health Science, MSC 3HLS, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM
Introduction: There is a growing research interest in the association between Prostate Cancer Screening (PCS) and Hispanic males. Prostate Cancer is one of the common cancers found in Hispanics (American Cancer Society), and early PCS lowers mortality rate to some extent. However, Hispanic males receive later diagnosis of cancer, and have consistently lower survival rates. There is relatively little substantive information available in the published literature regarding men's PCS issues among Hispanics. This analysis will help to understand the predictors of PCS in Hispanic males as this group of people differs in incidence and mortality rates in United States.

Methods:Literature review and multivariate analysis of validation studies examining the accuracy of self-reported cancer-screening histories. The statistical data of incidence and mortality rate of prostate cancer in Hispanic males from different sources were analyzed. Disparities In the Socio-cultural background, economic condition, and lack of cancer awareness in Hispanic males were studied carefully. Similar, data for non-Hispanic White and African-American were also obtained for comparisons.

Results: Some culturally derived misconceptions about PCS exist among Hispanic males, although that depends upon acculturation levels. 50-53% of sample reported ever having had PCS and 65- 68% reported ever having heard of the procedure.

Conclusion: Many Hispanic males lack knowledge about PCS. As a result, many Hispanic communities underestimate prostate cancer risk compared to white non–Hispanic communities. Prostate cancer interventions focusing on risk perceptions need to be tailored to accommodate subgroup differences in acculturation levels, knowledge and attitude towards PCS.

Learning Objectives:
Learning objectives 1.Recognize the barriers of PCS among Hispanic males and try to surmount those barriers. 2.Identify the need for cultural awareness about PCS among Hispanic males. 3.Develop strategies to encourage greater use of PCS among Hispanic males. 4.Develop communicating approaches about importance of PCS among Hispanic males as per their acculturation levels.

Keywords: Hispanic, Cancer Screening

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have done Bachelors in Dental Surgery from India in the year 2001. After graduating I started working as a Dental surgeon in Remote area in the state of sikkim, under department of health and human services, Govt. of Sikkim. My major work was school dental health and minority dental health programs, where i use to visit schools and tribal community for the routine examination of congenital dental diseases and oral cancer screening. The MPH course in new mexico state university developed my interest especially in minorities health and cancer screening.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.