203439 Trends in Sexual Behaviors Among Youth DeKalb County, Georgia, 20032009

Monday, November 9, 2009

Paula Marie Orlosky, MA , Public Health Prevention Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Office of Workforce and Career Development, Atlanta, GA
Rachel S. Yelk Woodruff, MPH , Health Assessment and Promotion, DeKalb County Board of Health, Decatur, GA
Background

The Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS), conducted nationwide during odd-numbered years, monitors health risk behaviors that contribute to morbidity and mortality among youth ages 1418 years.

Purpose

To identify trends in sexual behaviors among youth in DeKalb County, Georgia.

Significance

YRBS data demonstrate that DeKalb County youth participate in risky sexual behaviors, and prevention efforts are needed.

Methods

Second period classes for grades 912 were randomly selected. Participation was anonymous, voluntary, and with parental consent. Board of Health employees administered the 99-question survey. YRBS data from 2003 (n = 2,146), 2005 (n = 2,384), and 2007 (n = 2,197) were analyzed. 2009 survey results are pending. Results were weighted to represent all students. Results within a single year or across 2 survey years were considered statistically significant if the 95% confidence intervals of the percentages being compared didn't overlap.

Results

Data for 20032007 indicate a statistically significant decrease in students being taught about HIV/AIDS in school (93% to 88%). Trends not statistically significant were a decrease in condom use (72% to 69%), an increase in the number having multiple sexual partners (21% to 22%), and an increase in students engaging in sexual intercourse (53% to 57%). Comparisons across race/ethnicity and with state and national data will be presented also and will include 2009 data.

Conclusion

Prevention efforts are needed among youth in DeKalb County to decrease sexual risk behaviors that can lead to sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancy. Data reveal the need for increased education.

Learning Objectives:
At the end of this session, the participant should be able to 1. describe methods for implementing the Youth Risk Behavior Survey at the local level; 2. discuss ways in which the Youth Risk Behavior Survey data can be used; and 3. describe trends in sexual behaviors among youth in DeKalb County, Georgia.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Masters in Health Psychology with more than 5 years of research experience. Behavioral research and programmatic experience in HIV/AIDS and sexual violence. Currently in public health fellowship for Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.