203973 Correlates of Quit Attempts Among Current Smokers by Race/Ethnicity TUS-CPS 2003

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Jennifer W. Kahende, PhD , National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion / Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Ann Malarcher, PhD, MSPH , Office of Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Anna Teplinskaya, MD , Office of Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Bishwa B. Adhikari, PhD , National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion / Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Kat Asman, MPH , Statistics and Epidemiology Unit; Chronic & Infectious Disease Research Program, RTI International, Atlanta, GA
Objective: To assess whether correlates of quit attempts vary by race/ethnicity among adult (≥18 yrs) current smokers in the U.S.

Methods: We used 2003 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey (CPS) data from 12,362 adults. Current smokers indicated if they had made a quit attempt in the past year because they were trying to quit smoking. Multivariate logistic regressions examined whether the relationship between demographic characteristics, smoking/cessation behaviors, smoking policies, price per pack and quit attempts varied by race/ethnicity.

Results: Black, Hispanics and multi-race were more likely to make a quit attempt than whites. Overall, young smokers, those with > HS education, persons who received doctor's advice to quit, smoked >30 minutes after waking, smoked fewer cigarettes, and who were interested in quitting were more likely to make a quit attempt. Race interacted with price per pack and home smoke rules and for all groups except multi-race quit attempts increased with price per pack. Living in a smokefree home increased quit attempts and was particularly beneficial for persons of multi-race.

Conclusions: We found some interactions between race/ethnicity and select tobacco control variables. Comprehensive tobacco control programs need to be fully funded and should increase cessation across all race/ethnic groups.

Learning Objectives:
1.Describe quit attempts among the different races/ethnic groups. 2.Identify characteristics of current smokers who attempt to quit smoking.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the lead researcher on this study.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.