204067 Dynamics of Parolee Returns in California: Residential Mobility and Access to Services

Tuesday, November 10, 2009: 8:30 AM

John R. Hipp, PhD , Deparment of Criminology, Law and Society, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA
Susan Turner, PhD , Center for Evidence-based Corrections, University of California, Irvine, Irvine, CA
Each year over 130,000 inmates are released onto parole in the state of California. The vast majority return to their home counties to begin reentry into society. Many return to neighborhoods that are disadvantaged, which can negatively impact their successful transition from prison. This paper examines key dimensions of the reentry process, both in terms of the characteristics of returning offenders, but also in terms of the services available for assistance once they return. We utilize a unique dataset to explore the residential mobility patterns of all parolees released into the state of California during 2005-06: both the neighborhoods to which they return, and those they subsequently move to. We examine whether race/ethnicity of the parolee affects the ability to move into neighborh oods with less concentrated disadvantage as measured by residential instability, and racial/ethnic heterogeneity. We also examine whether parolees with longer criminal records, a history of more serious or violent offenses, or are sex offenders, have less ability to attain access to such neighborhoods. The second area we examine is the level of support services in the communities to which offenders return. Specifically we examine parolee proximity to services, including health and social services, family and housing, community networking. We measure the number and type of services within 2 miles of the offender and determine the potential demand for such services utilizing GIS analyses based on addresses of parolees and service providers.

Learning Objectives:
Identify characteristics of parolees and services that affect reentry experiences.

Keywords: Parolees, Geographic Information Systems

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am conducting research in this area as a faculty member at UCI
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.