205142 Perceptions of sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent women (IDP) due to Nepal's civil conflict, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

Monday, November 9, 2009: 2:55 PM

Saira Khan, MPH , Hubert Department of Global Health, Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, GA
The research explores the perceptions of sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent women, who work in the carpet factories and cabin restaurants of Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Information is drawn from secondary data analysis of Center for Research on Environment Health and Population Activities, Kathmandu (CREHPA)'s 2006 study “Sexual and reproductive health knowledge, experience and needs of internally displaced adolescents (IDA) in Kathmandu Valley” followed by primary data collection comprising 10 focus group discussions, 7 in-depth interviews of IDP sexual violence victims aged 15-24, and 9 semi-structured interviews with key informants of the IDP community in Kathmandu Valley. The survey found that 1 in 10 young women had experienced some form of sexual violence. Preliminary qualitative data analysis indicate IDP status contributes to a lack of knowledge on sexual violence and a lack of self esteem, in addition to contributing to job insecurity, and other socioeconomic problems that make young women increasingly vulnerable to sexual violence. Furthermore, both quantitative and qualitative data indicate IDP status contributes to sexual violence among unmarried internally displaced adolescents due to a lack of economic options, which was especially found among employees of cabin restaurants, places known for facilitating commercial sex work. Perceptions and attitudes differed significantly among Maoist-managed, unionized factories than un-unionized, privately owned factories. The results suggest the need for advocacy and a range of non-partisan factory and cabin restaurant-based interventions.

Learning Objectives:
Explain perceptions of sexual violence in the context of internal displacement due to war/conflict Describe the socio-political factors involved in sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent women Demonstrate the role of low economic options in contributing to sexual violence among internally displaced adolescent women

Keywords: Sexual Assault, War

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am principal investigator of the study. I will be graduating with a Masters of Public Health from Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, specializing in Global Health, in May 2009. I am a distinguished graduate of Northwestern University. I have concentrated my public health research in population studies of South Asia.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.