205564 Sleep Quality and Quantity and Associated Factors Among High School Students From South Texas

Tuesday, November 10, 2009: 5:43 PM

John J. Byrne, MPH , School of Medicine, University of Texas School of Public Health/UT Health Science Center in San Antonio, San Antonio, TX
Eva M. Shipp, PhD , UT School of Public Health, San Antonio, TX
Sharon Cooper, PhD , School of Public Health, University of Texas, San Antonio, TX
Background: Insufficient and poor quality sleep among adolescents affects not only the cognitive functioning, but overall health of the individual. Existing research suggests that adolescents from varying ethnic groups exhibit differing sleep patterns. However, little research focuses on sleep patterns and associated factors (i.e. tobacco use, mental health indicators) among Hispanic youth.

Methods: This cross-sectional study utilized data from the STARRS (South Texas Adolescent Rural Research Study) project. The study population (n= 2,344) included students in grades 9-12 who attended one of the three public high schools along the Texas-Mexico border in 2003. Data were collected via a web-based, confidential, self-administered survey. Separate logistic regression models were constructed to identify factors associated with reduced (<8 hours/night) and poor quality sleep on average during weeknights.

Results: Of participants, 49.5% reported reduced sleep while 12.8% reported poor quality sleep. Factors significantly (p<0.05) associated with reduced and poor quality sleep, respectively, were often feeling stressed or anxious (OR=2.65; 5.49), being born in Mexico (OR=0.77; 0.65; ), using a computer/playing video games 15+ hours per week (OR=1.12; 2.29), working (OR=1.24; 1.37), being a current smoker (OR=1.61; 2.16), and drinking alcohol 10+ days during the last 30 days (OR=1.8; 2.14).

Discussion: Subsequent prospective research with Hispanic youth is warranted to identify mechanisms for ensuring that these youth attain adequate and quality sleep. The potential impact of sleep on prevalent chronic disease indicators (e.g., diabetes, obesity) in this population should also be explored.

Learning Objectives:
-Describe sleep patterns among Hispanic youth from the Texas-Mexico border. -Identify factors influencing poor quality sleep in Hispanic youth. -Identify areas for future research and interventions to ensure adequate sleep amongst Hispanic youth.

Keywords: Adolescent Health, Hispanic

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am currently a graduate student working on my MPH thesis. This abstract is from the work that I am completing for my thesis and has been approved by the UT School of Public Health and by my advisors at the UT-SPH.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.