205834 Parental intentionality in preventing male adolescent tobacco use

Monday, November 9, 2009

Peggy S. Meszaros, PhD , Department of Human Development, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA
Pamela A. Kulbok, DNSc, RN , School of Nursing, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA
Kristina A. Hartman, BS , Human Development, Virginia TEch, Blacksburg, VA
Devon Noonan Kahl, PhD, MPH, FNP-C , School of Nursing, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI
The purpose of this study is to investigate parental intentionality and communication as a protective factor related to non-smoking in African American and Caucasian male adolescents residing in rural, tobacco producing counties in Virginia. Data were collected from seven parents of non-tobacco using male adolescents using Photovoice and a semi-structured protocol. Interviews were tape-recorded, transcribed, and coded for themes. Themes emerging as protective factors were early and open communication with parents, intentionality of parents in sending non-tobacco use messages, avoidance of smell and concern with smoke on body and clothes, avoidance of social and physical isolation, concern for financial implications and cost of tobacco products, religious beliefs and spirituality, importance of aspirations and future goals, knowledge of the consequences of using tobacco products, rules and expectations for family and home visitors, and fear of health and physical limitations. An analysis of the effectiveness of Photovoice in eliciting responses from both the male adolescents and their parents found both groups noting that without the pictures they would not have either remembered specific instances they photographed or the feelings they had when viewing the pictures in retrospect. Findings from this study of parental intentionality in communicating messages of non-use of tobacco products adds to the literature of protective factors in the lives of male adolescents.

Learning Objectives:
1. Explain the importance of early parental communication as a protective factor in preventing tobacco use. 2. Describe the top ten protective factors for male adolescent non-tobacco use. 3. Identify the role of Photovoice as a method for eliciting male adolescent responses to tobacco use interview questions.

Keywords: Substance Abuse Prevention, Family Involvement

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Funded research from the UVA Rural Health Center and the Virginia Tobacco Settlement Foundation; publications and presentations
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.