205883 Gap analysis in workplace cultures of public health nurses

Monday, November 9, 2009: 3:30 PM

Janette S. McCrory, MSN, RN, BC , College of Nursing, DNP - PHN, University of Tennessee Health Science Center, Memphis, TN
Patricia M. Speck, DNSc, FNP-BC, FAAN , Primary Care/Public Health, University of Tennessee Health Science Center College of Nursing, Memphis, TN
Background: The national nursing workforce is expected to decrease by 1 million nurses over the next twenty years. Shortage also has a negative effect on patient outcomes and will impact the ability of the public health nurse (PHN) to provide health promotion/disease prevention activities, protect the public's health, and provide adequate patient services. Workplace culture issues are related to the recruitment and retention of qualified PHN workforce, but in many PHN organizations, satisfaction is unknown.

Methods: This is a descriptive study that will use a random sample of at least 100 registered nurses from 5 states to answer the online Magnetic Resource Inventory (MRI) survey that includes 12 categories with 70 questions, as well as additional questions covering five critical areas - PHN Core Competencies, disaster preparedness, additional education, practice, and shared governance. The questions use a 5-point Likert scale and are designed to measure the employee views about workplace culture and performance issues.

Results: At the completion of this DNP project, positive and/or negative findings will provide data from each of the categories and critical areas, the data will be compared, and the information will be utilized to identify strategies to improve the workforce culture through targeted organizational planning.

Conclusions: Utilization of the survey results will allow PHN workforce organizations the opportunity to prioritize, plan, and implement interventions aimed at improving the culture of the workplace, increasing recruitment and retention of PHNs, and ultimately improving patient outcomes.

Learning Objectives:
1.Describe one effect of the nursing shortage on the public health nursing workforce. 2.Analyze a workforce issue and workplace performance among PHNs. 3.Compare the similarities and differences of workplace culture issues in PHNs. 4.Identify a strategy to improve the workplace of PHNs.

Keywords: Public Health Nursing, Workforce

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Janette McCrory is faculty at Delta State University School of Nursing where she teaches community/public health nursing in the BSN and RNBSN programs. She has 31 years of nursing experience, with 22 years experience in public health nursing. She will complete the Doctor of Nursing Practice - Public Health Nursing (DNP-PHN) degree from the University of Tennessee Health Science Center, College of Nursing in May, 2009.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.