206325 Disparities in Well-Being: Results from a National Survey

Monday, November 9, 2009: 12:32 PM

Brandon Vick, MS , Dept. of Economics, Fordham University, Bronx, NY
Kristine Jones, PhD , Center to Study Recovery in Social Contexts, Nathan Kline Institute for Psychiatric Research, Orangeburg, NY
Sophie Mitra, PhD , Department of Economics, Fordham Univeristy, Bronx, NY
Mary Jane Alexander, PhD , Nathan Kline Institute, Orangebury, NY
Sen's capabilities approach has been widely used to measure and understand differences in economic development and poverty worldwide. Here we apply Capabilities to improve our empirical understanding of disparities in well-being between persons with and without psychiatric conditions.

Lower wages and fewer employment opportunities translate into poverty for persons with psychiatric conditions, but little is known about the full dimensions of that poverty compared to people without such disorders. This study uses data from 6659 individuals interviewed in both the 1997/1998 and 2000/2001 waves of the Healthcare for Communities Survey, a national household survey of US adults that intentionally oversampled persons with low-incomes, high psychological distress and/or high specialty mental health service use. We use the Community Tracking Study, a similar, larger household survey to construct relevant community level information.

Based on univariate analyses supplemented by regression analyses to control for other factors that would explain the disparities, we will present and discuss functioning differences in employment rates, income, social affiliation, health and activity limitations, parenting and shelter for people with and without psychiatric conditions. An overall life-satisfaction measure will be presented as well.

Learning Objectives:
1. Explain how the capabilities approach conceptualizes well-being 2. Assess determinants of well-being for persons with psychiatric conditions

Keywords: Well-Being, Mental Illness

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: PhD student in Economics with experience in international development
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.