206820 Inclusion of adults with developmental disabilities in the development of visual (pictorial and video) instructions for a physical activity education intervention

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Henan Li , Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Amy E. Bodde, MPH , Department of Applied Health Science, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Rotem Magnagi , Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Georgia C. Frey, PhD , Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN
Effective demonstration techniques may facilitate the process of learning health behaviors in people with developmental disabilities (DD). However, there are few reports about how health information delivery materials are developed for this population. It is unclear if certain types of materials, such as videos and pictures are effective in transmitting health concepts to these individuals or to what extent the people with DD are included in the process of creating instructional materials. A visual (pictorial and video) instruction approach has been developed to teach physical activity (PA) to adults with DD living in the community. Specific concepts being addressed include levels of PA intensity, PA recommendations (10,000 steps/day), and instructions regarding pedometry use. Pictorial instructions in this project will be a series of pictures showing people from the target group engaging in various forms of light, moderate and hard PA, and correct equipment use. Video instructions will feature people engaging in PA and be used to prompt group discussions. A total of 25 pictures and 16 video clips will be produced and reviewed by a focus group of adults with DD to determine 1) perceived viewer-friendliness, 2) consistency, 3) clarity of message conveyance, and 4) volume of information related to memory retention. Feedback from the focus group and the process of developing materials according to participant input will be discussed.

Learning Objectives:
1.Describe and demonstrate videos and pictures usage in transmitting health concepts to individuals with developmental disabilities(DD). 2.Evaluate the visual instructional approach through inclusion of a focus group of adults with developmental disabilities

Keywords: Disability, Health Promotion

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: 2008.8-present: Master's program, Adapted Physical Education, Indiana University 2008.8-present: Coordinator, Indiana University Adapted Physical Activity Program
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.