206845 Demographic, social, and economic characteristics among the disabled and non-disabled elderly in Puerto Rico, 2007

Monday, November 9, 2009

Vivianna M. De Jesús-Monge , Sociology and Anthropology Department, University of Puerto Rico, San Juan, PR
Introduction: Very few studies had taken into account the Puerto Rico's disabled older population, specifically the differences between the disabled and non-disabled elderly. Having a disability and being an elder could place them in a greater risk of living in more difficult conditions, compared to the elderly without a disability. Methodology: The analysis realized was descriptive, including crosstabulations and descriptive statistics. The studied population is the 60 years and over persons living in households in Puerto Rico in 2007, using the 2007 Puerto Rico Community Survey Sample. Results: It was found that approximately three-fifths of the 60 years and over people living in households have a disability. With regard to demographic characteristics, as the age increased, the percent of elders with disability increased. Also, there is a greater percent of female with disability than male with disability. As for social characteristics, there is a greater percent of elders with disability, who do not have a partner (who are widowed, separated, and never married) and with no schooling than their counterparts. With regard to the economic characteristics, there is a greater percent of disabled elders living below the poverty level, out of the labor force, and with lower income than their counterparts. Besides, for every type of disability (difficulty dressing, working, remembering, and going out and physical and vision or hearing difficulty), as the age increased, the percent of elderly who reported having disability increased.

Learning Objectives:
1. Compare the demographic, social, and economic characteristics of the disabled and non-disabled elderly 2. Describe the relationship between older age groups (60-69, 70-79, 80 and over) and different types of disability.

Keywords: Disability, Elderly

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: As a demographer, my master´s thesis was about the sociodemographic characteristics of the elderly living below and above the poverty level in Puerto Rico. As a doctoral student in Anthropology, I did an ethnography about the health perception of the elderly in a poor community in San Juan, Puerto Rico. Also, since 2005, I am partipating in professional associations' annual meetings with oral and poster presentations about elderly health perception and sociodemographic characteristics among the elderly poor and elderly non-poor.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.