207237 Efficacy of a School-Based Health Promotion Program (T.E.A.M. Mississippi) on Children's Physical Activity and Fitness

Monday, November 9, 2009

Lani Greening, PhD , Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior Divisions of Psychology and Child Psychiatry, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS
Kristopher Harrel, PharmD , School of Pharmacy, University of Mississippi, Jackson, MS
Lydia H. West, RD/LDN , School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine Community Health Sciences, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA
Annette K. Low, MD , Comprehensive Weight Management Center, Central Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS
Carrie E. Fielder, PhD , Injury/Violence Prevention, Mississippi State Department of Health, Jackson, MS
Introduction: Up to 35% of American children are currently obese, thus increasing their risk for health risks including diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. The rates are especially high in the southeast region where higher caloric intake and sedentary lifestyles are more commonplace. Although obesity interventions that focus on dietary habits are successful, addressing energy expenditure is equally important because physical activity reduces the risk of obesity and secondary health risks as well. Program Design: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy of a school-based health promotion program called T.E.A.M. Mississippi on rural elementary school-age children's physical fitness and activity. First - fourth grade children (N = 450) attending a rural southern elementary school participated in monthly activity events (e.g., parent & children softball throws) organized throughout the school year to promote physical activities among families. Program Evaluation Results: Residualized change scores from pre- to post-intervention revealed a significant increase in the number of physical activities that the children reported that they engaged in on the SPARKS Physical Activity Checklist compared to a control school. The children who participated in the program also showed statistically significant improvement on 2 of 3 fitness tests from the President's Challenge Tests compared to the control school. Discussion: These findings support utilizing a school-based program to help increase physical activities among children living in rural communities that are at risk for a sedentary lifestyle and obesity.

Learning Objectives:
1. Discuss the efficacy of a school-based health promotion program (T.E.A.M. Mississippi) on rural elementary school-age children’s physical fitness and activity. 2. Compare the change scores for pre- to post-intervention physical activity scores for the children engaged in the program compared to children in a control school.

Keywords: School-Based Programs, Physical Activity

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I assisted in the planning, organizing, implementation and follow up of the monthly programs and assisted in the post data collection for the T.E.A.M. Mississippi project.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.