207277 Pilot Testing an Intervention to Help Black Girls Avoid Behaviors That Put Them at Risk for Contracting HIV

Monday, November 9, 2009

Robin Bartlett, PhD, RN-BC , Community Practice Department in the School of Nursing, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC
Terri Shelton, PhD , Center for Youth, Family and Community Partnerships, University of North Carolina at Greensboro, Greensboro, NC
Issue: Adolescents who engage in risky sex behaviors are at high risk for contracting HIV infection. Blacks are disproportionately affected by HIV. Description: Using a risk and protective factors framework this pilot study tested the feasibility and initial efficacy of an intervention to prevent risky sex behaviors in Black middle school-aged girls. The convenience sample included 10 Black female adolescents and their 11 mothers. The intervention had as an over-arching focus the promotion of racial pride in the girls and had three components: (a) adolescent education, (b) an adolescent service learning experience, and (c) mother training. A one group pre-test/post-test and three month follow-up design was used. Feasibility was examined throughout the study and included evaluations by the girls, the mothers, and the nurse interveners. Lessons Learned: Positive trends were noted in mean scores across two time points for the girls and across three time points for the mothers, for most of the surveys administered. The promotion of racial pride was perceived as an important piece of the intervention. Recommendations: A mother-daughter education intervention coupled with service learning for the girls is feasible and useful to Black middle school aged girls and their mothers. A booster for the girls may be needed. Specific strategies must be carefully designed for successful recruitment and retention.

Learning Objectives:
1. Identify elements of a multi-component intervention for Black middle-school aged girls designed to help them avoid risky sex behaviors that put them at risk for contracting HIV. 2. Discuss lessons learned from a pilot feasibility intervention study.

Keywords: Adolescents, HIV Risk Behavior

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I worked as a nurse in an adolescent psychiatric inpatient setting for 10+ years. In my PhD study I focused on examining problem behaviors in adolescents and the risk and protective factors associated with various patterns of problem behaviors. My prior research has focused on problem behaviors in adolescents and the risk and protective factors that are associated with them. I have presented and published several papers on these topics. That work has led me toward my current focus on risky sex prevention interventions in Black middle school aged girls to help them avoid contracting HIV infection.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.

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