207424 Ten Years of Conducting the New Jersey Youth Tobacco Survey: Trends Over Time

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Heather M. Jordan, MPH, CHES, CTTS , School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ
Cristine D. Delnevo, PhD, MPH , School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ
Daniel A. Gundersen, MA , School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ
Mary Hrywna, MPH , School of Public Health, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, New Brunswick, NJ
Uta Vorbach, MPH , Comprehensive Tobacco Control Program, New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services, Trenton, NJ
Charlotte Steeh , Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA
Erica Causey , Office on Smoking and Health, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Atlanta, GA
Introduction: The Youth Tobacco Survey (YTS) was created to assist states in the development, implementation, and evaluation of programming initiatives to address tobacco use among middle- and high-school students. The purpose of the self-administered, paper-and-pencil New Jersey YTS is to gather information about students' attitudes, behaviors, and knowledge about tobacco use, intent to use, exposure to tobacco use, and exposure to tobacco marketing and advertising.

Key Points: The NJYTS was conducted in 1999, 2001, 2004, 2006, and 2008. In 1999, 84 middle, 80 high schools participated; in 2001, 60 middle schools and 55 high schools participated; in 2004, 41 middle schools and 41 high schools participated; in 2006, 89 middle schools and 85 high schools participated; and it 2008 64 middle schools and 68 high schools participated. The reported current use of cigarettes has decreased from 18.9% in 1999 to 3.2% in 2006 for middle school students and from 38.9% in 1999 to 15.8% in 2006 for high school students. Cigar, bidi and smokeless tobacco use has remained stable over time, with slight increases realized in 2006. Reported exposure to secondhand smoke in the home or car has decreased over time.

Conclusions: Cigarette consumption has decreased over time, while cigar, bidi and smokeless tobacco use has remained stable and/or increased over time. Exposure to secondhand smoke has decreased over time, perhaps due to the enactment of the Smokefree Air Act. Continued surveillance remains of paramount importance to inform future programming initiatives to decrease consumption and exposure to all tobacco products.

Learning Objectives:
1) Describe the purpose and utility of the Youth Tobacco Survey. 2) Describe how the YTS has been administered in the state of NJ. 3) Discuss trends over time with respect to studentsí consumption patterns, exposure to second-hand smoke and other tobacco indicators.

Keywords: Tobacco, Youth

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have an MPH in Maternal and Child Health and I am currently a PhD student in Health Education and Behavioral Science. I am currently working full-time as a Research Specialist in the Center for Tobacco Surveillance and Evaluation Research at the UMDNJ-SPH. My main project over the past 6 months has been the administration and data analysis of the NJ YTS.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.