207560 Comparison of Health Behaviors and Health Risk between Japanese and American college students

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Cenell Renea Munford-Clark, MS, LATC , Human Performance and Sports Management, Mount Union College, Alliance, OH
Naoko Oyabu-Mathis, PhD , Department of Sociology, Mount Union College, Alliance, OH
Purpose. This study compares the health behaviors and health risks of American and Japanese college students. College students' health-risk behaviors (such as safety belt usage, dietary intake, physical activity and tobacco and alcohol use) need to be examined more closely. Methods. A health behaviors and health risks questionnaire, formatted after the National College Health Risk Behavior Survey (NCHRBS),was administered to two universities in Japan and one college in America totally about 400 subjects. Results/Conclusion. The questionnaire assessed a variety of health behaviors such as: alcohol use, drug use, dietary habits, physical activity, and body image. The preliminary analysis indicates that a larger percentage of Japanese students smoke and started smoking earlier than American students. In terms of drinking, more Japanese students started drinking at younger ages, however more American students are reporting to drink in general and drink heavily. In terms of the perception of weight, more Japanese students see themselves as overweight (although they are classified as normal weight) and more Japanese students responded that they wanted to lose weight and used diet pills than American students. More American students did engage in exercise to try controlling weight than Japanese students. This data may provide additional cultural insight as more programming and interventions are conducted to address the issue of college health risk behaviors.

Learning Objectives:
Objectives: Define the role of that cultural implication may play on health risk behaviors among college students. Evaluate the similarities and differences observed between Japanese college students and American college students at relatively similar size institutions. Utilize this information to increase college and university health education promotion. Analyze strategies for college health intervention programming which might include cultural/diversity aspects of communication, marketing, and partnerships with other campus and local health entities as a means to achieve the Healthy People 2010 objectives.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a research partner for this project and as a Japanese professor am well-versed in Japanese culture.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.