207697 Comparison of drug-using experiences among female inmates by age groups in Taiwan

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Eugene Yu-Chang Peng, MD, MS , Department of Community Medicine, Taipei City Hospital, Renai Branch, Taipei, Taiwan
Shu-Yu Lyu, MPH, PhD , School of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
Donald E. Morisky, ScD, MSPH, ScM , Department of Community Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California at Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA
Yu-Ching Lan, PhD , Department of Health Risk Management, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
Yi-Ming Arthur Chen, MD, ScD , Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, National Yang-Ming University, Taipei, Taiwan
James Ching-Feng Lin, MD, PhD , Bali Psychiatric Hospital, Department of Health, Executive Yuan, Bali, Taipei County, Taiwan
The major purpose of this study was to examine the characteristics and drug-using experiences among female inmates by age groups in Taiwan. A census survey for female inmates in the prisons was conducted in 2007 using a self-administered anonymous questionnaire in group settings directed by our interviewers. A total of 2,486 female inmates were recruited in the present survey and the response rate was 82.5%. Among the female inmate subjects, 67.3% had ever used illicit drugs and 44.9% were recidivists. Based on the life-cycle time period, we divided those subjects ever used illicit drug (n=1,672) into childbearing age women (less than 50; 95.8%), menopausal women (age 51 to 64; 2.2%), and elderly women (age 65 and above; 2.0%). Results of bivariate analyses revealed that significant differences were found among three age groups in terms of the average age of initiation drug use, self-reported health status, used drug during pregnancy, and proportion of type and method of drug use. The average age of initiation drug use in each group was 22.06.8, 40.37.1, and 25.59.6 year-old, respectively. The prevalence of not quitting illicit drug use during any pregnancy was 32%, 17%, and 22%. The proportion of using injection as the main method of drug use in each group was respectively 82%, 57%, and 75%. The poor health status among the groups was 5.8%, 30.6%, and 14.7%, respectively. The study findings suggest that tailored health education counseling related to substance use should be enhanced by age groups among the incarcerated female population.

Learning Objectives:
1.Compare the differences between characteristics and drug-using experiences among female incarcerated population by age groups. 2.Identify the prevalence of not quitting illicit drug use during pregnancy among female incarcerated population. 3.Discuss maternal and child health strategies for female incarcerated population. 4.Apply gender mainstreaming perspective in designing substance abuse prevention program.

Keywords: Drug Abuse, Correctional Facility

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the co-principal investigator of this research project.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.