208213 Latino cultural motivation as a predictor of self-efficacy to avoid drug use among Latinos in residential substance abuse treatment

Tuesday, November 10, 2009

Stephen J. Boyd, BS , Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
Joshua G. Kellison, BA , Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
Felipe González Castro, MSW, PhD , Department of Psychology, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ
Ethnic identity formation among Latinos has been identified as a potential protective factor against several negative health outcomes (e.g., depression (Umaña-Tayler & Updegraff, 2006)), and positively associated with self-esteem (Phinney et al., 1997). Other evidence suggests that strong familial bonds (familism) may be another protective mechanism for these positive outcomes (Castro et al., 2007). Recovering drug dependent men often undergo the process of new identity formation during treatment to become more socially-involved. To test a hypothesis on personal and familial factors in recovery, the current study investigated the unique effects of Latino cultural motivation and familism, as potential protective factors against drug relapse. Participants were 99 Latino males in residential drug treatment, aged 22-62 (M=38.9), 82% identified as Mexican/Mexican American/Chicano, 62% were U.S. native. A 10-item Familism Scale (α=.85), and a 12-item Latino Cultural Motivation Scale (α=.83) were used as predictors of a 9-item scale of Self-Efficacy in Avoiding Relapse (α=.83). A hierarchical OLS regression analysis was conducted to examine these predictors of self-efficacy in avoiding relapse. Results indicated that Familism is a significant predictor for relapse avoidance, F(1, 97)=4.29, p<.05. The addition of Latino Cultural Motivation was also significant, above and beyond the effects of Familism F(2, 96)=5.87, p<.01. These results suggest the importance of family bonding in recovery from drug dependence among male Latinos, and also underscore the importance of developing strong motivation to re-integrate into one's culture. These results implicate the value of Latino familial and cultural identification for effective recovery from drug addiction among Latino males.

Learning Objectives:
Identify the importance of family bonding and cultural identification in recovery from drug dependence among male Latino drug addicts.

Keywords: Latino, Substance Abuse

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Professor of clinical psychology at Arizona State University with over 20 years experience researching health promotion and relapse prevention in Hispanic populations, focusing on motivational aspects in the prevention of HIV infection, drug abuse, cancer, diabetes mellitus, and other chronic degenerative diseases.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.