208498 Community based participatory research to investigate smoking among Filipina girls in Hawaii

Monday, November 9, 2009

Angela Sy, DrPH , John A. Burns School of Medicine, Department Public Health Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI
Eduardo Duquez, BS , John A. Burns School of Medicine, Department Public Health Sciences, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI
Kathryn Braun, DrPH , University of Hawaii, and Papa Ola Lokahi, Honolulu, HI
Background: Although smoking prevalence for Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders (AAPI) as an aggregated group is lower compared to non-AAPIs, disparities exist within the AAPI ethnic groups. Tobacco use prevalence is high and rising Filipino girls. In Hawai`i where AAPIs comprise 70% of the population, the rate of current smokers is 13.7% for Filipina high school girls, but 7.2% for Japanese girls. Such variations indicate that youth prevention programs are not reaching segments of the diverse AAPI communities.

Aims: This project aims to investigate attitudes, perceptions, and sociocultural factors related to the high smoking rates of Filipina girls in Hawai`i. Community based participatory research will identify innovative youth anti-smoking interventions tailored to Filipina girls.

Methods: Filipino, youth advocacy, and tobacco prevention community organizations were engaged to guide and ensure that research procedures are appropriate and respectful. Reliability and validity of the qualitative procedures are facilitated through specific procedures. Peer facilitators will lead 12-15 focus groups of 6-10 Filipina girls to discuss smoking and strategies to prevent smoking. Peer facilitators may increase response validity as girls may be more revealing speaking with a peer. Response themes will be identified separately by two researchers, and results will be reviewed with project collaborators to corroborate and interpret findings.

Implications: Strategies for engaging Filipina girls in research and program development will be shared. Since groups to benefit from the future tailored smoking prevention interventions are integrally involved in the research, they may more readily adopt, translate, and disseminate programs throughout the Filipino American community.

Learning Objectives:
11) Participants will identify one barrier or facilitator toward smoking among Filipina girls in Hawaii. 2) Participants will describe one strategy to prevent smoking among Filipina girls 3) Participants will describe a community based participatory research approach that ensured relevant and valid results and recommendations.

Keywords: Tobacco, Minorities

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am the PI of the project
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.