209223 Yoga as a stress reduction technique for women

Monday, November 9, 2009

Mary Teresa Quilty, BS, BA , Department of Society, Human Development, and Health, Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, MA
Robert Saper, MD, MPH , Department of Family Medicine, Boston University School of Medicine, Boston, MA
Sat Bir S. Khalsa, PhD , Sleep Disorders Research Program, Division of Sleep Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA
Background: In the United States, over 15 million adults practice yoga, the majority of which are women. Significant clinical research has demonstrated yoga's potential psychological benefits; however, personal practice has not been emphasized. Purpose: This study provides data on the use and benefit of yoga by women to manage stress, a lifestyle factor contributing to negative health states. Methods: During September 2008 to January 2009, one-hundred and ninety-nine yoga students (82% female) were surveyed via an on-line tool upon registering in a 4-week beginner yoga program in Austin, Texas. A subgroup of seventy-five female respondents (mean age 36 years, s.d. 11) completed study surveys and a 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) at baseline and endpoint. Results: At baseline, 75% of respondents reported stress management as a reason for practicing yoga. Mean baseline and endpoint PSS scores were 16.9, s.d. 6.2 and 13.5, s.d. 5.5, respectively, demonstrating an average decrease of 3.4. This result shows a statistically significant improvement as evaluated by a paired t test with 74 d.f. (p<.0001, [95% CI 2.05, 4.73]). Conclusion: Our data shows that women view yoga as a way to manage stress; and that yoga may be an effective technique for significantly reducing stress in this population. As an accepted risk factor in the development and exacerbation of conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, stress is a viable public health issue that may benefit through further study of yoga use outside of clinical settings.

Learning Objectives:
By the end of the session, the participant will be able to describe how women are utilizing community yoga programs for stress management By the end of the session, the participant will be able to assess the psychological benefit of yoga practice for women experiencing stress

Keywords: Alternative Medicine/Therapies, Stress

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Harvard School of Public Health Boston, MA Doctor of Science Program September 2008-current Department of Society, Human Development and Health University of Massachusetts Boston Magna cum laude Boston, MA Bachelor of Arts with honors, Major: Anthropology May 2003 Undergraduate Travel Grant recipient for honors research, 2003 The Portrayal and Continuance of Ayurvedic Medicine in the 21st Century, Honors Thesis, University of Massachusetts Boston, 2003 The Physiology of Belief, Exploring the Mind-Body Connection in Health Independent Study, University of Massachusetts Boston, 2002 Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 2004-current Research Assistant III, Division for Research and Education in Complementary and Integrative Medical Therapies (Osher Institute) Conducting research on doctor patient relationship, social support, and placebo response within an R01 placebo-controlled RCT of acupuncture in an IBS population „X Research Coordinator on a pilot study investigating Tai Chi as an adjuvant treatment for chronic heart failure (diastolic); measuring quality-adjusted life years, social support, medical cost and utilization, and ability to improve functional capacity and enhance quality of life through exercise „X Designed a survey-based pilot study ¡§Naturalistic Yoga Use in a Community Setting¡¨ to investigate the benefit of yoga on anxiety and depression, views on yoga as a preventive and therapeutic measure, and the economic considerations associated with utilizing yoga for health maintenance; study includes novel, POMS, and PSS measures Publications Quilty, MT, Saper RB, Goldstein R, Khalsa SB. Yoga in the Real World: Motivations and Patterns of Use. Abstract. North American Research Conference on Complementary & Integrative Medicine: Collaboration to Promote Scientific Discovery & Health. Minneapolis, Minnesota 2009. Feman SPC, Nguyen LT, Quilty MT, Kerr CE, Nam BY, Conboy LA, Singer, JP, Park M, Lembo AJ, Kaptchuk TJ, Davis RB. Effectiveness of recruitment in clinical trials: An analysis of methods used in a trial for irritable bowel syndrome patients. Contemporary Clinical Trials 29 (2008) 241-251 Conboy LA, Quilty MT, Kerr CE, Shaw J, Wayne P. A qualitative analysis of adolescents' experiences of active and sham Japanese-style acupuncture protocols administered in a clinical trial. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine.14(6): 699-705 Passos MCF, Lembo AJ, Conboy LA, Kaptchuk TJ, Kelley JM, Quilty MT, Kerr CE, Jacobson EE, Hu R, Friedlander E, Drossman D. Adequate relief in a treatment trial with IBS patients: a prospective assessment. Amer J Gastroenterology 2009 (in press) Lembo AJ, Conboy LA, Kelley JM, Schnyer RS, McManus C, Quilty MT, Kerr CE, Jacobson E, Davis, RB, Kaptchuk TJ. A Treatment Trial of Acupuncture in IBS Patients. (under review, American Journal of Gastroenterology) Presentations Integrative Medicine Alliance (Workshop co-facilitator, Boston Social Forum), Boston, MA, July 2004 ¡§Envisioning a People-Centered Healthcare System that Brings Together the World¡¦s Healing Traditions¡¨ Commonwealth College Undergraduate Conference, Boston, MA, April 2003 Poster Presentation of Honors Thesis ¡§The Portrayal and Continuance of Ayurvedic Medicine in the 21st Century¡¨ and related fieldwork data
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.