209375 Does knowledge of hypercholesterolemia have an affect on behavior modifications which can impact cardiovascular disease (CVD)?

Monday, November 9, 2009

Tyrone Z. Bell, BA , Public Health Department, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
Carlos Chapman II, BS , Public Health Department, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
Cagney Bene' Stigger, BS , Jiann-Ping Hsu College of Public Health, Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA
Rakale Collins Quarells, PhD , Social Epidemiology Research Center, Morehouse School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA
Background: Hypercholesterolemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Family history of CVD places individuals at higher risk of CVD morbidity and/or mortality. Furthermore, studies have shown that when people are aware of their family medical history they do not always reduce their risk by modifying unhealthy behaviors. Additionally research has suggested that through behavior modification healthy blood cholesterol levels may be managed with and sometimes without medication. The objective of this study was to determine if knowledge of family history of CVD has an impact on behavioral compliance among those with hypercholesterolemia. The hypothesis of the study was that family history does not have a significant impact on behavioral compliance as it relates to CVD prevention.

Methods: Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2005) was utilized. The sample population was comprised of 4,708 persons diagnosed with hypercholesterolemia. Behavioral compliance was defined as adhering to provider suggested behavior modifications. The population of subjects was ethnically diverse.

Results: The relationship between family history of CVD among those with hypercholesterolemia and behavioral compliance was not significant. The study demonstrated that 45.77% of individuals with hypercholesterolemia were adhering to behavioral compliance.

Conclusion: There is no significant relationship between family history of CVD among with hypercholesterolemia and behavioral compliance. These results perhaps highlight the lack of comprehension regarding the magnitude of CVD morbidity/mortality risk associated with a family history of CVD. These results provide an opportunity for a health education intervention in the importance of family history.

Learning Objectives:
Assess whether family knowledge of cardiovascular disease influences behavioral compliance in individual with hypercholesterolemia.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am currently studying in health education and health promotion in the field of public health. I have previously conducted research on a variety of topics but most recently the research I have been focused on is health and nutrition in relation to obesity and cardiovascular disease. In addition to being enrolled in a public health program I completed my undergraduate degree in psychology where I studied many public health issues pertaining to behavior modification. Furthermore, I am currently working as a graduate research assistant for two different grant funded projects which is allowing me to become a highly skilled research. I also have experience in poster presentations as a graduate research assistant.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.