209463 "Water water everywhere yet no drop to drink"

Sunday, November 8, 2009

Anthony Sallar, PhD, MPH, MBA , College of Public Health Sciences and Professions, Ohio University, Athens, OH

This paper discusses the historical context in which most settlements were done in Ghana....usually not far from water bodies which were used by the indigenes for agriculture and consumption. With industrialization and population growth there has been pressure on the water body systems. Development had ushered in portable water but challenges have been immense. This is either due to inadequate infrastructure to support the transport of the water systems, excessive cost to the government because of the feeling by the citizens that water should be delivered free of charge. Prohibitive costs, pollution by mining companies, fishermen and waste disposal and reliance on rain water are some of the challenges. The paper discusses some health issues such as burili (flesh eating) ulcer, typhoid epidemic, cholera resulting from contaminated water. Attempts by governments to charge user fees and attempts by NGOs to provide borehole substitutes are discussed. There are suggestions as to what less endowed communities can do to forestall contamination using local knowledge and the role of international agencies and NGOs in the delivery of water

Learning Objectives:
1. Discuss public health issues that emanate from the use of water in Ghana 2. Discuss the politics of water in Ghana 3. Discuss the scarcity of water and attempts by non governmental organizations and foreign governments to improve the sitaution 4. Discuss continued failed attempts and expensive propositions to privatise water in Ghana

Keywords: Water, Water Quality

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I have adequate training in academia and have conducted research in USA and abroad.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.