209503 Evaluation of an interactive multi-media (IMM) infant cpr training program

Monday, November 9, 2009

Lynne H.G. Swartz, MPH, CHES , Oregon Center for Applied Science, Inc., Eugene, OR
E. Gwen GeigerWolfe, MPH , Oregon Center for Applied Science, Eugene, OR
Objective: This presentation reviews the findings of a 3-condition randomized trial to evaluate the effectiveness of a program designed to teach infant CPR and life-saving skills to parents of children aged newborn-12 months old. Given that many parents lack the knowledge, skills, and self-efficacy to respond effectively to emergencies and that most situations requiring emergency response occur within the home, parents typically carry the burden of being first responders in emergent events. Specific objectives of this project were to determine the efficacy of the program in (a) increasing knowledge of life-saving skills; (b) improving self-efficacy in regard to using these skills; and (c) generating high levels of user satisfaction with the program.

Methods: The evaluation consisted of a randomized trial of 91 participants, comparing the three treatments: the IMM program, in-person CPR training, and written materials. Subjects completed a pretest and posttest CPR and choking relief skills demonstration tests and a paper-and-pencil survey. Key outcome measures were behavioral assessment to adequately perform CPR and choking relief skills and increased knowledge, motivation and self-efficacy regarding the use of those skills.

Results: The IMM program was found to be more effective than the in-person CPR training program, reaching univariate significance in the area of motivation to use CPR and life saving skills. It was also significantly more effective than the text-based program in five out of six univariate ANCOVAS. Further findings and implications for future interventions will also be discussed.

Learning Objectives:
1)Describe the effects of an interactive, multi-media CPR instructional program 2)Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using multi-media programs as novel teaching alternatives to traditional instructor-led programs

Keywords: Child Health, Infant Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I completed my MPH degree and have been working for ORCAS for the past three years, designing and evaluating this and similar programs.
Any relevant financial relationships? Yes

Name of Organization Clinical/Research Area Type of relationship
Oregon Center for Applied Science Public Health Education/Promotion/Innovation Employment (includes retainer)

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.