210407 Parental Influences on Youth Sun Safety Behaviors: Concordance in Parent-Child Dyads

Monday, November 9, 2009: 3:10 PM

Yvonne M. Hunt, PhD, MPH , Tobacco Control Research Branch, DCCPS, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD
Parental influences are known to be important determinants of youth health behavior patterns, including sun-safety practices. However, there is a limited understanding of how familial transmission of sun-safety practices occurs within parent-child dyads. Objective: To examine the degree to which sun-safety practices are correlated between parents and offspring, and whether these associations differ by child's age and parent and child sex. Method: Data were drawn from the 2005 YouthStyles and HealthStyles surveys, two subcomponents of a nationally representative mail panel survey designed to assess health behaviors in youth (9-18 years) and adults. Parent–child dyads that completed both the HealthStyles and YouthStyles surveys were included in the current analysis. Adult participants and their offspring answered a series of questions about attitudes and behaviors related to sun protection. Bivariate correlations were used to assess associations between parent and child responses by: child's age group; same-sex matched dyads (mother-daughter, father-son); and mismatched-sex dyads (mother-son, father-daughter). Results: Overall, sun-safety attitudes and behaviors were significantly correlated between youth and their parents. However, these associations differed by age group, with weaker correlations observed in older children (15-18yrs) compared to younger. In addition, concordance of sun-safety behaviors was more pronounced in same-sex matched parent-child dyads versus mismatched-sex dyads, and strongest within mother-daughter pairs. Conclusions: The results of this analysis suggest that familial transmission of sun-safety attitudes and behaviors does not occur equally within parent-child dyads or across age groups. These data have implications for guiding the development of sun-safety interventions for parents and youth.

Learning Objectives:
1) Participants will be able to identify risk factors associated of poor sun safety behavior in parent-child dyads 2) Participants will be able to describe the association between parental and sun safety behavior 3) Participants will be able discuss the potential impact of parental sun safety behavior as a point of intervention for children.

Keywords: Cancer, Cancer Prevention

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: Tobacco control faculty at NCI
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.