211295 Criminal Behavior among U.S. Black Men: Pondering the Influence of Stress, Coping and Ethnicity from a Epidemiological Criminology Perspective

Tuesday, November 10, 2009: 3:00 PM

Carl V. Hill, PhD, MPH , National Children's Study Program Office, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Bethesda, MD
Black men living in the United States suffer disproportionately from a number of poor health conditions. The stress-coping paradigm elaborates a process where appraisals of acute and chronic life events as hardship may lead to coping behaviors that ultimately compromise the health of individuals. Criminal activities that include various violent acts have been identified as poor coping behaviors that lead to morbidity and homicidal mortality for Black men. However, the influence of the stress-coping paradigm has not been clarified in this relationship for this population. Moreover, ethnic differences among this group may alter this process for specific groups of Black men. Research has found ethnic differences in perceptions and appraisals of stress, quality and use of social support, and in the engagement of various coping behaviors. The purpose of this discussion will be to raise important and challenging questions about the nature of the influence of stress on criminal behavior among Black men and to ponder the influence of ethnicity on this relationship for this particular population. From an epidemiological criminology perspective, the merging of theories, processes, models, and methods is essential if such dynamic interchange and interaction effects are to be better understood.

Learning Objectives:
Identify at least one health outcome that disproportionately affects U.S. Black men. Discuss the stress-coping paradigm, and locate criminal behavior in the paradigm for Black men. Critique the impact of ethnicity on the stress-coping paradigm for U.S. Black men, with specific emphasis on criminal coping behavior.

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: The presenter is one of the original presenters on the topic Epidemiological Criminology and has experience focusing on this area.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.