211329 Diversity in the Urban Environment; Direct and Indirect Effects on Active Aging

Wednesday, November 11, 2009: 10:50 AM

Thomas Prohaska, PhD , Community Health Sciences, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL
William Satariano, PhD , School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
Amy Eisenstein, MS , School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL
Melissa Kealey, MPH , School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, Berkeley, CA
This presentation addresses the diversity of the built and natural environment in urban settings associated with health and well being among diverse older populations. This work is based on the framework of Zhu (2003), Physical Activity Space and Shumway-Cook et al (2002) construct on the influence of environmental demand on mobility. Direct and indirect effects of the urban environment are presented in terms of its association with movement in the environment (walking) and distances to health promoting environments (grocery stores, parks) for ethnically diverse groups of older adults. Findings are presented on 201 older community residents in the Cook County (Chicago) area on ethnic differences in access and exposure to environmental protective and risk factors in reference to healthy lifestyles. Risks and protective factors include neighborhood characteristics (e.g. neighborhood crime), proximity to healthy recreational settings (e.g., parks, walking trails), community social settings (churches, senior centers), nutritious food options (grocery stores, convenience stores, fast food versus restaurants) and public transportation. Discussion will focus on ethnic differences in terms of environmental capital and the potential for reducing environmental health disparities through development and promoting healthy environments in non-traditional settings within the urban environment.

Learning Objectives:
Participants will be able to identify at least five protective and risk related factors associated with active aging in urban environments Will be able to distinguish between direct and indirect effects of the environment on active aging Will be able to list at least three environmental characteristics that differ between ethnic groups.

Keywords: Aging, Environmental Health

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am professor of public health and researcher responsible for the content of the presentation.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.