212188 Relationship between repeat unintended pregnancies and current family planning practice

Monday, November 9, 2009

Yui Matsuda, RN, BSN , Department of Public Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA
Dr. Saba Masho, MD, MPH, DrPH , Epidemiology and Community Health, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA
Jacqueline McGrath, PhD, RN, FNAP, FAAN , School of Nursing, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA
Nearly half of all pregnancies in the United States are unintended. In 2002, the direct medical costs of unintended pregnancies were estimated to be almost five billion dollars. Moreover, women with unintended pregnancies tend to delay seeking prenatal care and, making the necessary life style changes for the fetus. Subsequently, unintended pregnancies have the potential to lead to low birthweight infants and potentially poorer long-term child development. Although there are negative consequences with unintended pregnancies, repeat unintended pregnancy imposes even greater health risks for both mothers and infants. To prevent unintended and repeat unintended pregnancies, family planning methods must be utilized effectively. Despite the potential risk associated with negative health outcome of mothers and infants, repeated unintended pregnancies have not been studied extensively. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the relationship of the number of unintended pregnancies and patterns/methods of family planning practices. The National Statistics of Family Growth, cycle 6 (2002) was used for this secondary analysis. Correlations were found between repeat unintended pregnancies and the current family planning practice. The regression analysis explains a significant amount of the variance for this sample. Answers related to male and female practices are also interesting, and these are stratified by demographic and other related factors to identify high risk groups as well as predictors of the phenomenon. These study results have great implications for creating better strategies for family planning practices to target the high risk populations and areas for improvement related to contraceptive education and service delivery.

Learning Objectives:
-Describe the relationship of the number of unintended pregnanciea and patterns/methods of family planning practice. -Analyze the effects of the potential confounders in this relationship

Keywords: Pregnancy, Family Planning

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am a student of the MPH and the PhD in Nursing program at Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA. My research interest is in the area of couples' family planning. I am working with two mentors in the area of Public Health and Nursing for this study that I am submitting to present.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.