5164.0 HIV/AIDS Research: Unmasking Disparities in the 21st Century

Wednesday, November 11, 2009: 12:30 PM
After more than two decades, the HIV/AIDS epidemic remains a health crisis for racial/ethnic minorities in the US, disproportionately affecting African Americans who account for 50% of the estimated 40,608 AIDS cases diagnosed in the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2005 (although they represented about 13% of the US population). The rate of new infections among African American women was 15 times that of white women and four times that of Hispanic women. According to the CDC, one in 30 African American women and one in 16 African American men will be diagnosed with HIV during their lifetime. HIV is preventable; and HIV risk-reduction interventions have been effective in reducing HIV infection among drug users. HIV is closely linked to HCV and other STDs and many women are unaware of their status. A number of factors limit accessibility to treatment for some population groups; e.g., lack of health insurance, homelessness or housing instability.
Session Objectives: 1) Describe why high levels of HIV prevalence exist among African-Americans in the United States. 2) Explain HIV-risk reduction programs that have been successful with African Americans. 3) Describe factors that contribute to high levels of HIV incidence among African-Americans in the US.

12:30 PM
Role of race, substance abuse and health insurance coverage on the use of HAART among HIV-infected women, 2002- 2005
Valerie Stone, MD, MPH, Marsha Lillie-Blanton, DrPH, Alison Snow Jones, PhD, Jeffrey Levi, PhD, L.E. Golub, Mardge H. Cohen, MD, N.A. Hessol and TE Wilson
12:45 PM
Models of care for HIV positive adults with co-occurring conditions: Homelessness, substance abuse, and mental illness
Angela A. Aidala, PhD, Joyce Moon Howard, DrPH, Maria Caban, MA, Jocelyn Apicello, MPH and Li Kuang, MA
1:00 PM
Sustainability of intervention effects of a woman-focused HIV prevention intervention for African American crack-using women
Wendee M. Wechsberg, PhD, Scott P. Novak, PhD, William A. Zule, DrPH, Alex Kral, PhD, Rachel Middlesteadt-Ellerson, BA and Felicia A. Browne, MPH, CHES
1:15 PM
HIV, HCV, and HSV-2 among African American women across criminal justice status
Carrie B. Oser, PhD, Jennifer Mooney, Kathi Harp, MA, Jennifer Havens, PhD, MPH, Michele Staton-Tindall, PhD, Brea Perry, PhD, Jamieson Duvall, PhD and Carl G. Leukefeld, DSW

See individual abstracts for presenting author's disclosure statement and author's information.

Organized by: HIV/AIDS
Endorsed by: Black Caucus of Health Workers, Epidemiology, Socialist Caucus, Social Work, Women's Caucus

CE Credits: Medical (CME), Health Education (CHES), Nursing (CNE), Public Health (CPH)

See more of: HIV/AIDS