214341 Employment frustration among Asian American immigrants: Physical and mental health consequences of job denial in the U.S. labor force

Sunday, November 7, 2010

Butch de Castro, PhD, MSN/MPH, RN , School of Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
Tessa Rue, MS , School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of Washington, Srattle, WA
David T. Takeuchi, PhD , School of Social Work, University of Washington, Seattle, WA
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between employment frustration and both self-rated physical and self-rated mental health among Asian American immigrants. METHODS: Cross-sectional quantitative analysis was conducted utilizing data from 1,181 Asian immigrants participating in the National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS). Employment frustration was measured by self-report of having difficulty finding the work one wants because of being of Asian descent. Self-rated physical health and self-rated mental health were each assessed with a global one-item measure with responses ranging from poor to excellent. Control variables included gender, age, ethnicity, education, occupation, income, whether immigrated for employment, years in the U.S., English proficiency, and a general measure for everyday discrimination. RESULTS: Ordered logistic regression revealed that employment frustration was negatively associated with self-rated physical health. This relationship, however, was no longer significant in multivariate models including English proficiency. The negative association between employment frustration and self-rated mental health persisted even when including all control variables. CONCLUSIONS: Findings indicate that Asian immigrants in the U.S. who experience employment frustration report lower levels of both physical and mental health. However, English proficiency may attenuate the impact of employment frustration at least for physical health.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Occupational health and safety
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
At the end of this presentation, learners will be able to: (1) Explain how immigrant workers' perceived experiences of job denial contribute to poor physical and mental health. (2) Discuss the concept of employment frustration as a form of racial/ethnic discrimination.

Keywords: Workforce, Asian Americans

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: my primary area of research is health disparities among immigrant workforce populations.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.