214377 Tobacco use, cessation and home smoking rules in a Hispanic/Latino border community

Tuesday, November 9, 2010

Michelle O'Hegarty, PhD , Office on Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Linda Pederson, MA, PhD , Office of Smoking and Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Kat Asman, MPH , Statistics and Epidemiology Unit; Chronic & Infectious Disease Research Program, RTI International, Atlanta, GA
Ralph S. Caraballo, PhD , Office on Smoking and Health, Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA
Stacy Thorne, PhD, MPH , Epidemiology Branch, CDC/Office on Smoking and Health, Atlanta, GA
Objective: To determine prevalence of smoking, quit ratios, discussion with a health care provider about smoking and smoking rules in the home among Hispanics residing in colonias in El Paso, Texas. Comparisons with national and state estimates for Hispanics and Latinos will be presented.Methods: Promotoras (outreach workers) conducted face-to-face interviews with 1485 Hispanic adults (July 2007–April 2008). GeoFrame™ field enumeration methods were used to develop a sampling frame from households in randomly selected colonias in El Paso, Texas. Results: The overall percent of current cigarette smoking was 14.6%; current cigarette smoking among men was 22.5% and 10.2% among women. Men and women, who were either current smokers or who had quit for six months or less, were equally likely to report that a health care provider had talked to them about smoking. More than half of the male smokers (55.2%) and almost two thirds of female smokers (61.7%) reported a serious quit attempt in the past 12 months. Both men and women overwhelmingly reported that smoking was not allowed anywhere or at any time in their homes (85.1%-88.7%). However, 25% of the homes that participated in the study had at least 1 smoker living in the house. Conclusions: Prevalence estimates obtained from the current survey are similar to those found in national estimates for this ethnic group. Information on physician advice concerning smoking and cessation from this survey was higher than reports from other surveys. Estimates of smoke-free homes appear to be similar to national surveys.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Chronic disease management and prevention
Diversity and culture
Protection of the public in relation to communicable diseases including prevention or control
Public health or related research

Learning Objectives:
1. List one example of the type of data collected from the Hispanic Latino Adult Tobacco Survey. 2. To describe the prevalence of tobacco use, quit attempts, and exposure to second hand smoke among Hispanic. 3. To identify strategies used to create partnerships that work toward identifying and eliminating tobacco related disparities.

Keywords: Tobacco Control, History

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I was the CDC project officer for this project and worked directly with the contractors who carried out the data collection.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.