215724 Cigarette Smoking Status: A Comparison of African-American and Caucasian Adolescents in the United States

Tuesday, November 9, 2010 : 11:38 AM - 11:55 AM

Mansoo Yu, PhD , School of Social Work and Public Health Program, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO
Limited information on cigarette smoking in racial minority groups hinders development of effective and cultural competent treatment and prevention strategies. We know surprisingly little about how the differential predictors of smoking status (i.e., nonsmoking, experimenting smoking, and regular smoking) among African-American and Caucasian adolescents. This study examines similarities and differences in the prevalence and predictors of adolescent smoking status between these two racial groups in a nationally representative sample. Using data from the 2004 National Youth Tobacco Survey, 5,100 African-American adolescents (female, 52.6%; male, 47.4%) and 12,555 Caucasian adolescents (female, 49.9%; male, 50.1%) in grades 6 through 12 were selected. Findings revealed that, consistent with results from the 2005 NSDUH(2006), significantly more African-American than Caucasian adolescents experimented with cigarettes(27.9% vs.19.3%,p=.000); but Caucasian adolescents had significantly higher rates of regular smoking than their counterparts(9.5%vs.2.5%,p=.000). Multivariate analyses revealed that, age, weekly income, smoking intention, family members' cigarette use, best friends' smoking, absent from school, exposure to smoking advertising, and usage of tobacco company products positively predicted adolescent experimental smoking in both youths; age, weekly income, smoking intention, family members' smoking, and best friends' smoking positively predicted regular smoking in both groups. Perception of the harmful effects of smoking predicted only among African-American regular smoking while absent from school predicted only among Caucasian regular smoking. Findings emphasize that similarities and differences in predictors of smoking status between the two racial groups should be incorporated into smoking cessation and prevention strategies.

Learning Areas:
Diversity and culture
Public health or related education
Public health or related research
Social and behavioral sciences

Learning Objectives:
Compare the similarities and differences in the prevalence and predictors of adolescent smoking status between African-American and Caucasian adolescents in a nationally representative sample.

Keywords: Smoking Cessation, Adolescents

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I conduct research on disparities in health-risk behaviors among underserved/underserved populations includinbg smoking
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.