217735 Injury Resulting from Consensual Sexual Intercourse and Sexual Assault: Role of Skin Color and Time to Exam

Sunday, November 7, 2010

Marilyn S. Sommers, PhD , School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Janine Everett, MS , School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Jamison D. Fargo, PhD, MSEpi , Center for Public Health Initiatives, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Rape is a serious public health risk for women. We are exploring the role of skin color in the management of rape injury. Purpose: 1) To estimate the prevalence of genital injury after consensual sexual intercourse (CSI); 2) To determine whether injury prevalence varies by ethnicity and skin color; 3) To evaluate whether recent (≤24 hours) CSI increases injury from baseline. Methods: A cross-sectional design was used for phase I (n=120) and repeated measures design for phase II (n=38). In phase I, participants underwent a forensic exam following CSI, and in phase II participants had a baseline exam, followed by CSI and a follow-up exam. Results: In phase I, 55% of the sample had ≥1 genital injury; percentages significantly differed for White (68%) and Black (43%) participants (p=.02). While ethnicity was a significant predictor of injury occurrence (OR=3.15;RR=2.94), skin color confounded the original relationship between ethnicity and injury. In phase II, change in genital injury prevalence and frequency from exam 1 to 2 was modeled using logistic and negative binomial regression. Outcomes included specific injury type and observation of any injury during exam 2. Injury observed during examination 1 was the key predictor, adjusted for age, ethnicity, time since intercourse, duration of intercourse, degree of lubrication, frequency of intercourse, number of lifetime partners, and skin color. Results showed significant increases in redness as well as increased frequency of any external genital injury. Conclusions: The rape forensic examination should be sensitive to skin color, time since last intercourse, and baseline injury.

Learning Objectives:
Analyze the role of skin color and time to exam with respect to injury from sexual assault and consensual sexual intercourse

Keywords: Injury, Sexual Assault

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: I am principal investigator of the funded studies resulting in these data
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.