217902 Adapting the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) for elementary school children

Tuesday, November 9, 2010 : 8:30 AM - 8:45 AM

John Trainor, MS , Florida Prevention Research Center, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Emily Koby, BA , Florida Prevention Research Center, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Alyssa Mayer, BA , University of South Florida College of Public Health, Florida Prevention Research Center, Tampa, FL
Rita DeBate, PhD, MPH, CHES , Center for Transdisciplinary Research on Women's Health, Department of Community and Family Health, College of Public Health, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Carol A. Bryant, PhD , Florida Prevention Research Center, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
Robert J. McDermott, PhD , Florida Prevention Research Center, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is essential for good health and proper growth and development among children and youth. Measuring PA enjoyment is important as it may reinforce participation and contribute to sustaining it. PURPOSE: We adapted the middle school version of the Physical Activity Enjoyment Scale (PACES) for use with elementary school children and assessed several psychometric properties. SIGNIFICANCE: Existing tools for measuring PA in elementary school children are few in number and are often unwieldy for this age group. Moreover, little is known about enjoyment factors that may help sustain PA. METHODS: The 16-item PACES instrument was read aloud to children in grades 3 through 5 in a school setting and produced > 600 usable results. Psychometric measures were determined via internal consistency reliability, factor analysis, and concurrent validity assessment. RESULTS: The factor analysis resulted in removal of 4 items that failed to load on either of the two factors that emerged (accounting respectively for 49.54% and 9.64% of the variance). Statistically significant correlations existed between the subscales and PA frequency, suggesting concurrent validity of the revised (PACES-R) for 3rd-5th graders. Cronbach's alpha was .862. CONCLUSIONS: The PACES-R was reliable and valid for use with this group and correlated with PA frequency. The two interpretable subscales may be useful in evaluating PA interventions. Findings support the utility of the PACES-R in research with 3rd-5th graders in measuring PA enjoyment and its potential contribution to participating in and sustaining PA, thereby increasing the long-term benefits of PA on health-related outcomes.

Learning Areas:
Assessment of individual and community needs for health education
Conduct evaluation related to programs, research, and other areas of practice
Planning of health education strategies, interventions, and programs

Learning Objectives:
1. Describe formal instruments for measuring physical activity enjoyment among children and youth. 2. Discuss the use of factor analysis in variable reduction to create a more parsimonious physical activity enjoyment scale. 3. Explain how utilizing the two emergent factors may contribute to increasing the likelihood of participation in and sustaining of physical activity in elementary school-aged children.

Keywords: Behavioral Research, Children

Presenting author's disclosure statement:

Qualified on the content I am responsible for because: of my expertise in calculating psychometric properties of instruments.
Any relevant financial relationships? No

I agree to comply with the American Public Health Association Conflict of Interest and Commercial Support Guidelines, and to disclose to the participants any off-label or experimental uses of a commercial product or service discussed in my presentation.